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Tag: Are factory farms hurting the environment

how do factory farms impact the environment

how do factory farms impact the environment插图

How factory farming is killing the environment?

Environmental impacts of factory farming. Factory farming is poisoning the air. Mostly, this is thanks to methane gasses produced by cows. In fact, over 37% of global methane emissions come from factory farming [5]. Methane itself is far more destructive to the atmosphere than carbon dioxide.

Are factory farms hurting the environment?

Though the lands around factory farms may be the most harmed, the effects on the environment are widespread. This is mainly due to the waste that results from such high production levels. Some of the most hazardous types of factory farm waste include sewage, air pollutants, and chemical dumping.

How does factory farming negatively impact the planet?

In addition to the creation of dead zones, there are a myriad of other environmental problems society faces because of the extreme confinement of billions of animals. For instance, factory farming is responsible for an immense amount of the greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation that fuel climate change.

Does factory farming do more harm than good?

activist. Factory farming should be banned or demolished thoroughly due to more harm than good that is being presented worldwide. Animal brutality, which can be found constantly and excessively throughout factory farms, is a deleterious act involving the animals and a diabolic act regarding human morals.

Does Factory Farming Affect the Environment?

Aside from animal welfare and human health concerns, damage to the environment is one of factory farming’s most significant impacts. The term CAFO was itself first created by the Environmental Protection Agency to operationally designate animal farms as sources of water pollution, but there are many other examples of the environmental impact of factory farming, a few of which are explored below.

What are the causes of deforestation in Brazil?

Industrial-scale cattle ranching is a primary cause of deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest. The cleared land is either used for feedlots and pastures where the cows can graze, or for growing soybeans, most of which are fed to livestock to double them in weight prior to slaughter. The effects of deforestation include loss of land for Indigenous peoples, loss of habitats for plants and animals, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and also, potentially, droughts in regions as far away as California and São Paulo.

Why are plants and animals extinct?

The main reason for this biodiversity loss is the conversion of lands previously devoted to natural ecosystems into intensive, industrial-style farmland. To make way for cattle farming, an area about 1.5 times the size of Spain has been cleared in the Amazon rainforest (more than 75 million hectares) between 1978 and 2020. The loss of biodiversity is primarily down to a global food system that prioritizes cheap food and whose intensive farming methods degrade “soils and ecosystems.”

What happens to runoff from animal farms?

Runoff from large-scale animal farms happens when heavy rainfall, or cracks in overloaded manure lagoons, deposit raw sewage directly into waterways and groundwater. Read more about water pollution from dairy farms here.

How do marine ecosystems help the Earth?

Land-based and marine ecosystems play a key role in removing carbon emissions from the earth’s atmosphere, and are crucial to reducing the effects of climate change.

What is cattle ranching?

Cattle ranching in the western United States has its roots in the appropriation of ancestral Indigenous lands and the genocide of Indigenous peoples. This same cattle ranching worked in tandem with the creation of the industrialized meat sector that led to today’s methods of farming chickens and pigs. This farming system is controlled by large companies.

What are the effects of low oxygen levels on the ocean?

Low oxygen levels in the ocean can slow the growth rate of marine animals, damage their immune systems, increase stress, make it difficult for them to procreate, and even kill them. These changes in individual organisms then reverberate throughout entire ecosystems, marine populations, and can even hurt coastal livelihoods.

What is the dominant food production system in the United States?

Today, industrial agriculture , also referred to as factory farming, is the dominant food production system in the United States. In the last half century, without Americans noticing, small family farms that were once the bedrock of American society have been pushed aside by massive agribusiness corporations that intensively confine and slaughter tens of billions of pigs, cows, chickens, turkeys and other animals each year for meat, eggs, and milk. Factory farming is all about maximizing profits for a few of the world’s largest corporations at the expense of animal welfare, the factory farm workers, and the environment.

Why is the Clean Water Act important?

It goes without saying that improved regulations under the Clean Water Act, along with an investment and drastic increase in the EPA’s funding, is critical to ensuring that industrialized animal agriculture in the U.S. does not continue to devastate public health, our economy, and the welfare of animals.

What happens to algae after it explodes?

After this explosion of algal growth on the water’s surface propagated by these excess nutrients, the algae die and sink to the bottom of the water column providing an abundant food source for bacteria and other microorganisms.

How much does the dead zone cost in the Gulf?

The Union of Concerned Scientists estimates that the Gulf’s dead zone has cost up to $2.4 billion in damages to fish stocks and habitat every year for over 30 years.

What is externality cost?

An “externality” is a cost that society incurs due to a lack of regulation.

Why are antibiotics used in factory farms?

A staggering 84% of all antibiotics used in the United States are used on animals needed in factory farms to counteract the health challenges rendered by the overcrowded, unsanitary, and stressful living conditions within these facilities. As antibiotics are overused in these industrialized spaces, the bacteria they are intended to kill become resistant to these drugs .

How does factory farming affect the environment?

The environmental impact of factory farming extends beyond water pollution. In addition to the creation of dead zones, there are a myriad of other environmental problems society faces because of the extreme confinement of billions of animals.

What Is the Issue and What Can We Do?

This mentality is just as toxic as the fumes leaking into the atmosphere as we speak.

What gases are released into the atmosphere and trap heat from the sun?

Gases such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are released into the atmosphere and trap heat from the sun – thus warming the planet. These gases are called “greenhouse gases” (GHG) since they build up a layer in the atmosphere that’s more reflective than would be normal, analogous to how a gardener’s …

Which animal produces the most methane?

Beef and dairy cattle are the largest producers of methane due to enteric fermentation during digestion, which accounts for one-third of emissions from the U.S. agricultural economic sector, according to the EPA.

How does animal agriculture affect the planet?

Animal agriculture is an incredibly resource-intensive industry, but that is not the only way it affects the planet. Billions of animals constantly grazing means that waste is inevitable — a lot of it.

What will happen to coral reefs as the temperature rises?

As the global temperature continues to rise, heat-waves will grow longer and hotter, natural disasters will become more intense, sea levels will rise, the production of certain crops will be disrupted, and coral reefs will die – leading to the potential death of 25% of fish species who depend on the reefs for survival and reproduction.

Why are polar bears losing their habitats?

Polar bears are losing their habitats due to melting ice, while manatee migration patterns are disrupted due to changing water temperatures and increased frequency of hurricanes.

How do factory farms release CO2?

Factory farms release CO2 in a variety of ways: deforestation to make room for crops to feed animals and clear grazing land, use of chemical fertilizers to grow crops, desertification from over-grazed or over-farmed pastures, and the naturally produced CO2 from animals and decompositional bacteria. FAO.org/GLEAM.

How much methane is produced by factory farming?

Over 37 percent of methane emissions result from factory farming. Methane has a global warming potential 20 times higher than carbon dioxide. But that doesn’t make the carbon dioxide emissions any less staggering…the fossil fuels used in energy, transportation, and synthetic pesticides/fertilizers emits 90 million tonsof carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. On a lesser note, factory farming also releases harmful compounds like hydrogen sulfide and ammonia that can cause immediate negative health effects in humans.

How much of the world’s freshwater is sucked up by agriculture?

Industrial agriculture sucks up 70 percent of the world’s freshwater supplies. To follow up that staggering number, the EPA estimates that 75 percent of all water-quality problems in America’s rivers and streams.

How does clearing land to grow soybeans affect the environment?

Clearing land to grow soybeans in the Amazon rainforest is responsible for clearing over 100 million hectares of forest, releasing enough carbon into the atmosphere to increase the rate of global warming by 50 percent. 3. Water Pollution. Industrial agriculture sucks up 70 percent of the world’s freshwater supplies.

What are the causes of blue baby syndrome?

High levels of nitrates in drinking water can cause spontaneous abortions and blue baby syndrome and bacteria outbreaks from agricultural water pollution is responsible for several disease outbreaksacross the United States. Click hereto see how levels of animal waste impact your state’s water supplies. Advertisement.

How much land has been cleared to grow crops?

In the United States alone, over 260 million acres of forest have been cleared to make room for crop fields, most of which are used to exclusively grow livestock feed. This is not a practice that only occurs in the U.S., land clearing in Brazil to grow chicken feed is responsible for the destruction of about 3 million acresof rainforest. And these numbers only account for land cleared to feed animals. Clearing land to grow soybeans in the Amazon rainforest is responsible for clearing over 100 million hectares of forest, releasing enough carbon into the atmosphere to increase the rate of global warming by 50 percent.

What is industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture is one of the most unsustainable practices of modern civilization. From start to finish, factory farming is responsible for the abuseof land, animals, and natural resources all for the express purpose of providing cheap, unhealthy food to large amounts of people. Industrial agriculture only really crept its way …

What is factory farming?

Factory farming is responsible for the abuse of land, animals, and natural resources all for the purpose of providing cheap, unhealthy food. Factory farming is responsible for the abuse of land, animals, and natural resources all for the purpose of providing cheap, unhealthy food. Toggle navigation. OneGreenPlanet.

How much CO2 is produced by deforestation?

Globally, deforestation for animal grazing and feed crops is estimated to emit 2.4 billion tons of CO2 every year. [6] Corn, wheat, and rice, the fast-growing crops on which humanity depends for survival, are among the most nitrogen hungry of all plants. [7]

What happens when you overapply manure to farm land?

[3] When manure is repeatedly overapplied to farm land it causes dangerous levels of phosphorus and nitrogen in the water supply.

How do factory farms contribute to air pollution?

Factory farms contribute to air pollution by releasing compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane. [9] The US Department of Agriculture estimates that confined farm animals generate more than 450 million tonnes of manure annually, 3 times more raw waste than generated by Americans. [10]

Why do animal farms give antibiotics?

Large-scale animal factories often give animals antibiotics to promote growth, or to compensate for illness resulting from crowded conditions. These antibiotics enter the environment and the food chain. [8] Factory farms contribute to air pollution by releasing compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane. [9]

Do CAFOs pollute groundwater?

The waste lagoons on Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) not only pollute our groundwater, but deplete it as well. Many of the farms use the groundwater for cleaning, cooling, and drinking. [11] The Humane Society of the United States. "An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Animals in the Meat, Egg, and Dairy Industries.".

What happens when soil is damaged?

When soil is damaged and water runoff occur s, that soil typically ends up in local water supplies. Farmers often combat damaged soil with synthetic fertilizers and other chemicals to increase crop yields. These activities contribute to the pollution of water supplies, which can further harm wildlife and even pose a risk to human populations.

What are the chemicals used in farming?

Many of the chemicals used in farming including herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers introduce additional carbon, ni trates, sulphates, and other pollutants into the world. Tilling and harvesting also releases carbon stored in the plants and soil.

What happens when soil becomes degraded?

As the soil becomes degraded, it’s less capable of absorbing water. This leads to more runoff and increased erosion.

How does farming affect the environment?

How Farming Impacts the Environment. There is no denying all of the good that farming and agriculture does for people around the world. Modern farming in the US has led this country to great prosperity, putting food on our plates at an affordable price while we pursue life, liberty, and happiness. Of course, agriculture doesn’t just provide our …

Why is farming important in the US?

Modern farming in the US has led this country to great prosperity, putting food on our plates at an affordable price while we pursue life, liberty, and happiness. Of course, agriculture doesn’t just provide our food but fabrics, energy sources, medicine, and more.

How much is bee pollination worth?

Pollinators also suffer from this loss of habitat. Considering bee pollination is worth $15 billion to the US farming industry, this is a serious issue.

Can farming take a toll on the land?

As wonderful as modern farming is, when left unchecked, it can begin to take a toll on the land. Though the act of a seed germinating and growing is a natural process, planting crops year after year in vast farmlands isn’t. Over time, these actions can cause strain on soil, local water supplies, and animal life.

Why are animals’ enclosures so bad?

The animals and their waste have fouled waters. The enclosures spew air pollutants that promote climate change and are implicated in illnesses such as asthma. The stench of manure — stored in pits beneath barns or open-air lagoons and eventually spread on croplands as fertilizer — can make life miserable for people nearby.

How many hogs did Fred Zenk have?

AKRON, Iowa (AP) — In recent years, Fred Zenk built two barns housing about 2,400 hogs between them — long, white, concrete-and-metal structures that are ubiquitous in the Midwestern countryside.

How much did Zenk pay for his farm?

Zenk acknowledged breaking the rules but said no harm was done. He paid a $4,500 fine.

Why are beef, chicken and pork more affordable?

Beef, chicken and pork have become more affordable staples in the American diet thanks to industry consolidation and the rise of farms with tens of thousands of animals. Yet federal and state environmental agencies often lack basic information such as where they’re located, how many animals they’re raising and how they deal with manure.

Where did meat and dairy come from?

For most of the nation’s history, meat and dairy products came from independent farms that raised animals in barnyards, pastures and rangeland. But the system now is controlled by giant companies that contract with farmers to produce livestock with the efficiency of auto assembly lines inside warehouse-like barns and sprawling feedlots.

Is agriculture a contaminator of rivers?

Such pollution is exempt from regulation under the 1972 Clean Water Act, even though agriculture is the biggest contaminator of rivers and streams, according to the EPA.

When did the Environmental Protection Agency start counting factory farms?

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency began to count the nation’s factory farms during the Obama administration but retreated when industry groups sued. Instead, the agency uses state data to produce annual statistics about only the biggest operations.

how factory farming affects the environment

how factory farming affects the environment插图

How factory farming is killing the environment?

Environmental impacts of factory farming. Factory farming is poisoning the air. Mostly, this is thanks to methane gasses produced by cows. In fact, over 37% of global methane emissions come from factory farming [5]. Methane itself is far more destructive to the atmosphere than carbon dioxide.

What are the disadvantages of factory farming?

disadvantages Factory farming affects the environment, and the public health of our citizens in a bad way. For example, factory farms produce over 200 million pounds of waste if they have 35000 hogs. (Which is a common amount for a factory farm). This can affect the environment by making the air, water, and soil around it polluted.

Are factory farms hurting the environment?

Though the lands around factory farms may be the most harmed, the effects on the environment are widespread. This is mainly due to the waste that results from such high production levels. Some of the most hazardous types of factory farm waste include sewage, air pollutants, and chemical dumping.

How does factory farming negatively impact the planet?

In addition to the creation of dead zones, there are a myriad of other environmental problems society faces because of the extreme confinement of billions of animals. For instance, factory farming is responsible for an immense amount of the greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation that fuel climate change.

Does Factory Farming Affect the Environment?

Aside from animal welfare and human health concerns, damage to the environment is one of factory farming’s most significant impacts. The term CAFO was itself first created by the Environmental Protection Agency to operationally designate animal farms as sources of water pollution, but there are many other examples of the environmental impact of factory farming, a few of which are explored below.

What are the causes of deforestation in Brazil?

Industrial-scale cattle ranching is a primary cause of deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest. The cleared land is either used for feedlots and pastures where the cows can graze, or for growing soybeans, most of which are fed to livestock to double them in weight prior to slaughter. The effects of deforestation include loss of land for Indigenous peoples, loss of habitats for plants and animals, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and also, potentially, droughts in regions as far away as California and São Paulo.

Why are plants and animals extinct?

The main reason for this biodiversity loss is the conversion of lands previously devoted to natural ecosystems into intensive, industrial-style farmland. To make way for cattle farming, an area about 1.5 times the size of Spain has been cleared in the Amazon rainforest (more than 75 million hectares) between 1978 and 2020. The loss of biodiversity is primarily down to a global food system that prioritizes cheap food and whose intensive farming methods degrade “soils and ecosystems.”

What happens to runoff from animal farms?

Runoff from large-scale animal farms happens when heavy rainfall, or cracks in overloaded manure lagoons, deposit raw sewage directly into waterways and groundwater. Read more about water pollution from dairy farms here.

How do marine ecosystems help the Earth?

Land-based and marine ecosystems play a key role in removing carbon emissions from the earth’s atmosphere, and are crucial to reducing the effects of climate change.

What is cattle ranching?

Cattle ranching in the western United States has its roots in the appropriation of ancestral Indigenous lands and the genocide of Indigenous peoples. This same cattle ranching worked in tandem with the creation of the industrialized meat sector that led to today’s methods of farming chickens and pigs. This farming system is controlled by large companies.

What are the effects of low oxygen levels on the ocean?

Low oxygen levels in the ocean can slow the growth rate of marine animals, damage their immune systems, increase stress, make it difficult for them to procreate, and even kill them. These changes in individual organisms then reverberate throughout entire ecosystems, marine populations, and can even hurt coastal livelihoods.

What Is Factory Farming?

Factory farming is an inhumane and environmentally damaging method of food production. In factory farms, animals are crammed into overcrowded spaces, and because they are not allowed to graze or forage outdoors, their feed is harvested and brought to them. The overwhelming majority of farmed cows, pigs, chickens, turkeys, and fish in the U.S.

How is Factory Farming Bad for the Environment?

Factory farming is a key driver of most, if not all, of the biggest environmental challenges facing our planet today.

Factory Farming and the Environment: 11 Facts and Statistics

In the U.S. alone, around 10 billion land animals and 47 billion aquatic animals are killed per year for human consumption.

How To Reverse These Impacts?

Factory farming is wreaking havoc on our natural environment, but here’s some good news: we don’t need to industrially farm animals for food. There are other, less harmful, ways to feed the world. By reforming our food system, we can stop, and potentially even reverse, the negative impacts of industrial animal agriculture.

Conclusion

Factory farming has devastating environmental consequences that will only get worse if the meat and dairy industries continue to grow. It’s easy to feel powerless to do anything about this, but you can be a part of the solution.

How does factory farming affect the environment?

Factory farming is terrible for a great many reasons, but as far as the environment is concerned, the most egregious sin has to do with pollution.

Why do animals get antibiotics from factory farms?

In addition, animal waste from factory farms contains trace amounts of undigested antibiotics, which are given to the animals to prevent bacteria and disease from spreading in such confined, filthy, overcrowded spaces. When that waste makes it into the water table, whole ecosystems are affected from the bacterial level up, eventually breeding new and dangerous zoonotic bacteria that go on to affect humans as severely as the swine flu, bird flu, or the Nipah virus.

What is factory farming?

According to The Humane League, factory farming is an industrial method of raising livestock, whether it’s for food, leather, wool, or any other use. In a given year, about 10 billion animals in the U.S. are raised and killed for meat, dairy, and eggs. The idea behind factory farms is simple; use the least amount of resources that you can, in order to maximize your profits. Most of the time, this involves cutting corners.

Why do we need to clear out the way for farmland?

In order to make room for the animals, feed crops, and the farm locations themselves whole swaths of land need to be clear cut out of the way. According to Mala Forest, factory farming in the U.S. has resulted in more than 260 million acres of forested land being cleared away to make room for feed crops alone. In the same way, whole rivers and reservoirs need to be repurposed for use by these massive farms.

Is animal based food a necessary evil?

Until the world starts adopting a more sustainable, plant-based lifestyle, the mass production of animal-based food sources is going to continue to be a necessary evil. That said, the only thing stopping the industrial farm industry from being safer, more eco-friendly, and more humane, is ultimately money — something which the majority of factory farm owners have more than enough of, in large part thanks to government agricultural subsidies.

Is it a good life for animals to live on farms?

Animals are confined to smaller living spaces, fed food that is less nutritious and more fattening, and kept in close proximity to maximize production. It is not a good life for the animals, some of whom are never allowed to see the light of day nor tread upon actual earth. But neither is it a good vocation for the individuals who work on the farms.

How much methane is produced by factory farming?

Over 37 percent of methane emissions result from factory farming. Methane has a global warming potential 20 times higher than carbon dioxide. But that doesn’t make the carbon dioxide emissions any less staggering…the fossil fuels used in energy, transportation, and synthetic pesticides/fertilizers emits 90 million tonsof carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. On a lesser note, factory farming also releases harmful compounds like hydrogen sulfide and ammonia that can cause immediate negative health effects in humans.

How much of the world’s freshwater is sucked up by agriculture?

Industrial agriculture sucks up 70 percent of the world’s freshwater supplies. To follow up that staggering number, the EPA estimates that 75 percent of all water-quality problems in America’s rivers and streams.

How does clearing land to grow soybeans affect the environment?

Clearing land to grow soybeans in the Amazon rainforest is responsible for clearing over 100 million hectares of forest, releasing enough carbon into the atmosphere to increase the rate of global warming by 50 percent. 3. Water Pollution. Industrial agriculture sucks up 70 percent of the world’s freshwater supplies.

What are the causes of blue baby syndrome?

High levels of nitrates in drinking water can cause spontaneous abortions and blue baby syndrome and bacteria outbreaks from agricultural water pollution is responsible for several disease outbreaksacross the United States. Click hereto see how levels of animal waste impact your state’s water supplies. Advertisement.

How much land has been cleared to grow crops?

In the United States alone, over 260 million acres of forest have been cleared to make room for crop fields, most of which are used to exclusively grow livestock feed. This is not a practice that only occurs in the U.S., land clearing in Brazil to grow chicken feed is responsible for the destruction of about 3 million acresof rainforest. And these numbers only account for land cleared to feed animals. Clearing land to grow soybeans in the Amazon rainforest is responsible for clearing over 100 million hectares of forest, releasing enough carbon into the atmosphere to increase the rate of global warming by 50 percent.

What is industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture is one of the most unsustainable practices of modern civilization. From start to finish, factory farming is responsible for the abuseof land, animals, and natural resources all for the express purpose of providing cheap, unhealthy food to large amounts of people. Industrial agriculture only really crept its way …

What is factory farming?

Factory farming is responsible for the abuse of land, animals, and natural resources all for the purpose of providing cheap, unhealthy food. Factory farming is responsible for the abuse of land, animals, and natural resources all for the purpose of providing cheap, unhealthy food. Toggle navigation. OneGreenPlanet.

How much carbon dioxide is released from fossil fuels?

The fossil fuels used in transportation, synthetic use of pesticides and fertilizers emit 90 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Other harmful compounds released include Hydrogen sulfide and ammonia which has detrimental consequences to human health.

What animals release methane gas?

Livestock such as goats, cattle, and sheep release enormous amounts of methane gas while food digestion. According to statistics; over 37% of the methane gas emissions arise from factory farming and Methane is twenty times more potent than carbon dioxide in causing global warming.

What is factory farming?

Factory farming is an approach utilized in animal husbandry to maximize production while simultaneously minimizing costs. It is also referred to as intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production. It is an example of Intensive Agriculture practices.

Why is factory farming important?

Factory farming has become an important part of agriculture and our lives. Carrying out such intensive practices has allowed farmers to meet the high consumer demand for these food products. It allows for large scale production without spending heavy capital to meet demands.

What are the causes of water pollution?

Livestock farms have massive cesspools storing animal waste which can leak into adjacent waterways, causing significant water pollution. Microbes, drug resistant bacteria and nitrates can run rampant on these waterways.

What are some examples of intensive farming?

It is an example of Intensive Agriculture practices. Factory farming is achieved by growing livestock such as poultry, cattle, and fish on a large scale with high stocking density, utilizing modern machinery, global trade, and biotechnology. The main products created by factory farming include meat, milk, and eggs.

How to reduce the risk of disease in livestock?

Ensure good hygiene practices so the risk of disease is reduced. Use organic probiotics in feed to promote good immunity among livestock.

What Is the Issue and What Can We Do?

This mentality is just as toxic as the fumes leaking into the atmosphere as we speak.

What gases are released into the atmosphere and trap heat from the sun?

Gases such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are released into the atmosphere and trap heat from the sun – thus warming the planet. These gases are called “greenhouse gases” (GHG) since they build up a layer in the atmosphere that’s more reflective than would be normal, analogous to how a gardener’s …

Which animal produces the most methane?

Beef and dairy cattle are the largest producers of methane due to enteric fermentation during digestion, which accounts for one-third of emissions from the U.S. agricultural economic sector, according to the EPA.

How does animal agriculture affect the planet?

Animal agriculture is an incredibly resource-intensive industry, but that is not the only way it affects the planet. Billions of animals constantly grazing means that waste is inevitable — a lot of it.

What will happen to coral reefs as the temperature rises?

As the global temperature continues to rise, heat-waves will grow longer and hotter, natural disasters will become more intense, sea levels will rise, the production of certain crops will be disrupted, and coral reefs will die – leading to the potential death of 25% of fish species who depend on the reefs for survival and reproduction.

Why are polar bears losing their habitats?

Polar bears are losing their habitats due to melting ice, while manatee migration patterns are disrupted due to changing water temperatures and increased frequency of hurricanes.

How do factory farms release CO2?

Factory farms release CO2 in a variety of ways: deforestation to make room for crops to feed animals and clear grazing land, use of chemical fertilizers to grow crops, desertification from over-grazed or over-farmed pastures, and the naturally produced CO2 from animals and decompositional bacteria. FAO.org/GLEAM.

How much CO2 is produced by deforestation?

Globally, deforestation for animal grazing and feed crops is estimated to emit 2.4 billion tons of CO2 every year. [6] Corn, wheat, and rice, the fast-growing crops on which humanity depends for survival, are among the most nitrogen hungry of all plants. [7]

What happens when you overapply manure to farm land?

[3] When manure is repeatedly overapplied to farm land it causes dangerous levels of phosphorus and nitrogen in the water supply.

How do factory farms contribute to air pollution?

Factory farms contribute to air pollution by releasing compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane. [9] The US Department of Agriculture estimates that confined farm animals generate more than 450 million tonnes of manure annually, 3 times more raw waste than generated by Americans. [10]

Why do animal farms give antibiotics?

Large-scale animal factories often give animals antibiotics to promote growth, or to compensate for illness resulting from crowded conditions. These antibiotics enter the environment and the food chain. [8] Factory farms contribute to air pollution by releasing compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane. [9]

Do CAFOs pollute groundwater?

The waste lagoons on Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) not only pollute our groundwater, but deplete it as well. Many of the farms use the groundwater for cleaning, cooling, and drinking. [11] The Humane Society of the United States. "An HSUS Report: The Welfare of Animals in the Meat, Egg, and Dairy Industries.".

Why are animals’ enclosures so bad?

The animals and their waste have fouled waters. The enclosures spew air pollutants that promote climate change and are implicated in illnesses such as asthma. The stench of manure — stored in pits beneath barns or open-air lagoons and eventually spread on croplands as fertilizer — can make life miserable for people nearby.

How many hogs did Fred Zenk have?

AKRON, Iowa (AP) — In recent years, Fred Zenk built two barns housing about 2,400 hogs between them — long, white, concrete-and-metal structures that are ubiquitous in the Midwestern countryside.

How much did Zenk pay for his farm?

Zenk acknowledged breaking the rules but said no harm was done. He paid a $4,500 fine.

Why are beef, chicken and pork more affordable?

Beef, chicken and pork have become more affordable staples in the American diet thanks to industry consolidation and the rise of farms with tens of thousands of animals. Yet federal and state environmental agencies often lack basic information such as where they’re located, how many animals they’re raising and how they deal with manure.

Where did meat and dairy come from?

For most of the nation’s history, meat and dairy products came from independent farms that raised animals in barnyards, pastures and rangeland. But the system now is controlled by giant companies that contract with farmers to produce livestock with the efficiency of auto assembly lines inside warehouse-like barns and sprawling feedlots.

Is agriculture a contaminator of rivers?

Such pollution is exempt from regulation under the 1972 Clean Water Act, even though agriculture is the biggest contaminator of rivers and streams, according to the EPA.

When did the Environmental Protection Agency start counting factory farms?

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency began to count the nation’s factory farms during the Obama administration but retreated when industry groups sued. Instead, the agency uses state data to produce annual statistics about only the biggest operations.