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Tag: Are smallholder farmers in developing countries productive

what is a smallholder farmer

what is a smallholder farmer插图

Family farmer
A smallholder farmer is often characterized as afamily farmersince many rely on relatives’ labor to meet production needs,and they typically retain a portion of their harvest for household consumption. Smallholder farmers,sometimes referred to as “small-scale farmers,” include farmers who own the land they work and those who do not.

What do you mean by smallholder farming?

In general terms smallholder only refers to their limited resource endowment relative to other farmers in the sector. Smallholder farmers are also defined as those farmers owning small-based plots of land on which they grow subsistence crops and one or two cash crops relying almost exclusively on family labour.

Who is a smallholder farmer in South Africa?

Smallholder farmers are also defined as those farmers owning small-based plots of land on which they grow subsistence crops and one or two cash crops relying almost exclusively on family labour. In South Africa, there are approximately two million smallholder or household farmers compared to 35 000 commercial growers.

How many smallholder farms are there in the world?

There are about 475 million smallholder farms worldwide. They are in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Europe and some in the United States. About two-thirds of all farms in Europe are smallholder. Smallholder farmers sell their food locally, reducing the carbon footprint of the food.

Are smallholder farmers in developing countries productive?

Smallholder farmers are productive farmers in developing countries. However, their potential is limited by the size of their landholdings. This means that, for the most part, they DO NOT work with the same resources and technology as commercial farms.

What is a smallholder farm?

Smallholder farms refers to farms that are less than five acres in size. Most people think they only exist in developing countries. The truth is smallholder farms are common in both developing and developed countries. And, though individual acreage is small – what they do is not. Smallholder farms produce 80% of the world’s food supply.

Why are smallholder farms important?

A bigger percentage of their land is allocated to production of food crops. These farms also play a vital role in environmental sustainability and conservation.

How many smallholder farms are there in the world?

There are about 475 million smallholder farms worldwide. They are in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Europe and some in the United States.

What is the way forward for this very important smallholder farming?

So, what is the way forward for this very important smallholder farming? Scientific answers like training on climate-smart farming techniques and access to drought-resistant seed for crops can help. Social answers like cooperative farm-equipment sharing and maintenance can also help. But, for either of these to work, governments and policy makers must extend resources to smallholder farmers by building infrastructure, providing access to financing and other technologies. Eighty percent of the food supply depends on smallholder farmers; they deserve support in return.

Where are smallholder farmers located?

They are in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Europe and some in the United States. About two-thirds of all farms in Europe are smallholder. Smallholder farmers sell their food locally, reducing the carbon footprint of the food. In addition, they grow a variety of crops, increasing both food diversity and biodiversity. Credit: Terry Tindall.

What are the problems of farming?

Farm work is also labor intensive and tedious. They face other problems like poor infrastructure such as roads to reach markets. They often don’t have proper storage facilities and limited access to financing. Farmers also have limited access to agricultural services. Getting a consultation from extension, or quality inputs especially seeds, fertilizers and equipment is difficult.

Is poverty rampant in smallholder farms?

Despite smallholder farms being higher yielding, poverty is still rampant among farmers and their households. They often cannot afford basic needs. Investing or reinvesting in equipment is often difficult. All farmers must continue to work with extreme weather patterns like drought and floods.

How many smallholder farmers are there in South Africa?

In South Africa, there are approximately two million smallholder or household farmers compared to 35 000 commercial growers.

What is a smallholder farmer?

Smallholder farmers are also defined as those farmers owning small-based plots of land on which they grow subsistence crops and one or two cash crops relying almost exclusively on family labour.

What are the characteristics of smallholder farming?

One of the main characteristics of production systems of smallholder farmers are of simple, outdated technologies, low returns, high seasonal labour fluctuations and women playing a vital role in production.

Why are poor yields important?

Poor yields may be one of the reasons why urban and rural households either abandon or are uninterested in agricultural production. There is therefore a need to significantly increase the productivity of smallholder farmers to ensure long term food security.

How does weather affect food security?

These intense weather events also further erode soils and landscapes, which reduce the carrying capacity of these areas for livestock grazing as well as reducing crops yields. This affects local food security for millions, as well as impacting their livelihoods.

Where do smallholder farms operate?

These smallholder farms operate on 12% of the world’s agricultural land and produce 80% of the food that is consumed in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, parts of the world where food security and stable income are still inadequate.

Is there anything small about smallholders?

There is nothing “small” about smallholders. Not in their numbers. Not in the challenges they face. Not in the out sized contribution they can make toward helping achieve the UN global goal of Zero Hunger by 2030.

What happens to smallholder farmers?

For smallholder farmers, an event that affects their crops can devastate their family for years. That builds in a certain work ethic – these are men and women who throw everything they have into providing for their family, and are therefore reluctant to make changes that could backfire. Two approaches to farming.

What are some examples of cash crops?

Great examples of cash crops are coffee, cocoa, rubber, cotton and vanilla. There will always be a market for these crops, although prices go up and down. More money vs more certainty.

How to avoid famine?

The first priority is to avoid famine – not having enough food to survive. This generally comes through diversification, where a family uses their land to grow eight or ten crops. This gives them a more balanced diet, and reduces the risk of total crop failure.

How many tennis courts are there in a hectare?

A soccer field is about 0.7ha, and a tennis court is 0.026ha, so you could have around 38 tennis courts in a hectare. Alternatively, picture a large shopping centre food court, or one block in a big city.

What do people love about their kids?

They love their kids, work hard for their families, support their neighbours, place high value on traditions, and try to make the best of things.

Do smallholder farmers have land?

Smallholder farmers tend to have about this much land.

Do farmers look different?

The majority of the worlds farmers look quite different.