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how does acid mine drainage affect farming

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It also affects the livestock, soil and wind by causing a blanket effect on surrounding residential areas. Additionally, when acid mine drainage travels and contaminates its surroundings, it affects the soil which means that it directlyimpacts the crops and plants that grow in the area.

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  • How does acid mine drainage occur?

  • Acid mine drainage. Acid mine drainage is created when water mixes with coal and other rocks unearthed during mining, taking on toxic levels of minerals and heavy metals. This toxic water leaks out of abandoned mines to contaminate groundwater, streams, soil, plants, animals and humans.

  • What are the effects of acid mines on streams?

  • …The influx of untreated acid mine drainage into streams can severely degrade both habitat and water quality often producing an environment devoid of most aquatic life and unfit for desired uses.

  • What are the most common mine drainage problems?

  • By far the most common mine drainage problem is that of acid mine drainage (AMD). Sulfuric acid is produced when water interacts with sulfur-bearing materials in the presence of oxygen and common bacteria [1].

  • How does water get polluted in mines?

  • Water flowing through active or abandoned mine sites can become polluted by the material being mined [1]. By far the most common mine drainage problem is that of acid mine drainage (AMD). Sulfuric acid is produced when water interacts with sulfur-bearing materials in the presence of oxygen and common bacteria [1].

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