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how did silt help the mesopotamians with farming

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Furthermore, how did farming affect Mesopotamia? Because the climate of Mesopotamiawas dry with little rainfall, farmersdepended on the flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers for water for their crops. The silt left behind from the flooding watermade the soil fertile.. The most important crops in Mesopotamiawere wheat and barley.

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  • How did farming develop in Mesopotamia?

  • The first farm settlements formed in Mesopotamia as early as 7000 BC. Farmers grew wheat, barley, and other types of grain. Livestock, birds, and fish were also good sources of food. Plentiful food led to population growth and villages formed.

  • What resources did Mesopotamia need to survive?

  • The people of Mesopotamia survived on resources provided by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and the flat plains along the rivers. Wood, stone, and metal were almost nonexistent in the region. Without wood, buildings had to be made of clay bricks.

  • How did the silt affect the Fertile Crescent?

  • The silt made the soil rich and moist, able to support crops and livestock in such quantities that an entire civilization arose in what was known as the Fertile Crescent. Unfortunately, the floods could also be destructive. Too much water drowned the crops and created swamps which bred disease.

  • How did the Tigris and Euphrates rivers affect Mesopotamia?

  • Every year, floods on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers brought silt, a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks, to the land. The fertile silt made the land ideal for farming. The first farm settlements formed in Mesopotamia as early as 7000 BC. Farmers grew wheat, barley, and other types of grain.

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