Crofting (tenant farming) is the traditional mainstay of the economy and is still widely practiced. The typical croft is just a few acres with a handful of sheep,a cow,and enough crops to supplement the diet and provide a small income.
What is crofting?
Crofting is a form of land use and tenure involving relatively small agricultural land holdings, particular to the Scottish Highlands and the islands of Scotland, although it also used to occur on the Isle of Man.
What is a croft in Scotland?
A croft is a small agricultural unit, most of which are situated in the crofting counties in the north of Scotland being the former counties of Argyll, Caithness, Inverness, Ross Cromarty, Sutherland, Orkney and Shetland, and held subject to the provisions of the Crofting Acts. Many crofts are on estates.
How much land is in crofting tenure in Scotland?
More than 750,000 hectares of land in Scotland is in crofting tenure, with approximately 33,000 people living in crofting households. A croft is a relatively small agricultural land holding, which is normally held in tenancy, and which may or may not have buildings or a house associated with it.
What are crofts and common grazings?
Crofts and common grazings are a valuable resource, which should be available now and in the future, for existing crofters and new entrants to crofting, to be able to use productively. In order to make changes to their croft, crofters are required to submit Regulatory Applications to the Crofting Commission for consent.
What is the consent of the Crofting Commission?
The consent of the Crofting Commission is required in any change of tenancy, whether by assignation by a tenant or by the re-letting of a vacant croft. A new owner-occupier is likewise liable to be subjected to scrutiny. The Commission will take into account local crofting demand and interests, and whether the proposed person intends to live on the croft and work it, and make a contribution to the local crofting community.
Why was crofting important?
Designed to protect the indigenous people from exploitation by landlords in the 19th Century, crofting has a proven track record of maintaining population and economic activity in remote rural areas.
How big is a croft?
The average size of a croft is around 5 hectares, but some are only 0.5 ha while a few extend to more than 50 ha of land, often with a share in hill grazing which is held in common with other crofters in a township. Most crofts cannot support a family or give full-time employment, and most crofters have other occupations to provide the main part of their income. Many crofters have diversified into small-scale tourism and off-croft employment ranges from postman to policeman to lorry driver, doctor, teacher, haulage contractor, tele-worker or weaver.
What is a crofter?
A crofter is the person who occupies and works a small landholding known as a croft. A crofter is normally the tenant of the croft, paying rent to the landlord of the croft. But many others have purchased their crofts and are owner-occupiers of their crofts.
Where is a croft located?
A croft is a small agricultural unit, most of which are situated in the crofting counties in the north of Scotland being the former counties of Argyll, Caithness, Inverness, Ross & Cromarty, Sutherland, Orkney and Shetland, and held subject to the provisions of the Crofting Acts.
What is the purpose of the mix of arable and common grazing land?
Through its mix of arable and common grazing land, it encourages both communal working and individual entrepreneurship.
Can a landlord have a croft?
Many crofts are on estates. A landlord may have many crofts on his estate. The rent paid by the tenant crofter, except in fairly rare circumstances, is only for the bare land of the croft, for the house and agricultural buildings, roads and fences are provided by the crofter himself. Since 1976 it has become more common for a crofter to acquire title to his croft, thus becoming an owner-occupier. Should he fail to reside on or near the croft, he can himself be required to take a tenant.
What is crofting in the Western Isles?
Western Isles. In Western Isles. Crofting (tenant farming) is the traditional mainstay of the economy and still persists. The typical croft is just a few acres with a handful of sheep, a cow, and enough crops to supplement the diet and provide a small income. Peat is cut in the….
What is crofting in the Outer Hebrides?
Outer Hebrides. Crofting (tenant farming) is the traditional mainstay of the economy and is still widely practiced. The typical croft is just a few acres with a handful of sheep, a cow, and enough crops to supplement the diet and provide a small income. Peat is cut….
What is settlement pattern in Scotland?
In Scotland: Settlement patterns. …Highlands are mostly remnants of crofting townships—that is, irregular groupings of subsistence farms of a few acres each. The old pattern of crofting was one of communities practicing a kind of cooperative farming, with strips of common land allotted annually to individuals.
What is the main form of agriculture in the Shetland Islands?
Shetland Islands. In Shetland Islands. …main form of agriculture is crofting, each croft having a few acres of arable land and the right to graze sheep on the “scattald,” or common grazings.
Is Skye crofting still widespread?
Skye. In Skye. The crofting system (small-scale tenant farming, mainly for subsistence) is still widespread. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries the poverty of the crofters was extreme, and large numbers were forced to emigrate. Improvements came after the passage of the Small Landholders (Scotland) Acts, 1886–1911,….
What is crofting land?
Crofting is a traditional form of land tenure and small-scale food production system, specific to the Scottish Highlands, the islands of Scotland and earlier on the Isle of Man. Croft, Crofter and Crofting – these three are at the core of this traditional small-scale agriculture practice which still forms an integral part of life in Scottish Highlands and islands of Scotland. In the context of the twenty-first century, a croft is a relatively small piece of arable land, with average size of holding being five hectares. It is technically a land lot, it may or may not have a dwelling on it. A crofter either lives on the croft or resides within 20 miles of it. Historically, a croft was held in tenancy, but in modern times many crofting townships have emerged where crofters are owner occupiers, with common grazing.
What are the rights of crofters?
The Crofting Act 1976 gave crofters the legal right to purchase their land for fifteen years rent. The Crofting law was codified as Crofters (Scotland) act of 1993. Later, The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 gave crofting communities the right to acquire and control the croft land where they live and work. There have been substantial reforms, notably in 2007 and 2010. At present the Crofting Commission is the regulatory body for matters related to crofting. Also Scotland Crofting Federation (SCF), is actively dedicated to preserving and promoting crofting.
How many crofts are there in Scotland?
Presently, there are approximately 20,570 crofts in Scotland spread over more than 750,000 hectares of land and around 33,000 people live in crofting households. However, usage of crofting land has changed with time. In many areas arable cropping has declined. With the changing economic scenario, animals are now usually kept as larger herds. Despite many changes crofting has high natural value. The traditional rotation of cropped and fallow land has many benefits. Crofting is essential for the local ecosystem, community and economy. With climate change in focus, crofting is one form of sustainable agriculture. Most of all, in today’s predominantly urbanized industrial society, the crofting system has an intrinsic quality of a free and independent life.
Who is Anahat Gill?
Anahat Gill, is a Stock investor and a Literary buff, who happens to live on a farm.
What is a Croft and What is Crofting?
Crofting is a form of land use and tenure involving relatively small agricultural land holdings, particular to the Scottish Highlands and the islands of Scotland, although it also used to occur on the Isle of Man. The current model of crofting came about as a result of the Highland Clearances of the mid-18th to mid-19th century, when large land owners evicted small tenant farmers from their land to establish large scale sheep farms. In 1886, the possibility of future evictions was legally eliminated with Parliament’s passage of the Crofters Holdings Act, which was grounded on the so-called three Fs: fair rent, free sale of improvements, and fixity of tenure. This last point meant that a crofter and their descendants could not be evicted from a croft, other than for failing to croft the land (more on that later). The Crofting Act 1976 gave crofters the legal right to purchase their land for fifteen years’ rent and The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 gave crofting communities the right to acquire and control the croft land where they live and work, and to acquire the interest of the tenant in tenanted land. Crofting community right to buy is a right that can be exercised at any time. This distinguishes it from community right to buy, as land can be acquired without the consent of the owner. This means that a successful crofting community right to buy application can force the selling of land, which likens it to a compulsory purchase.
How many acres are there in a croft?
Our croft is almost 5 hectares, or 12 acres, which is about the average for a Scottish Croft. The croft is technically the land, so you can have a croft without any buildings. Crofters who do not live on their land are supposed to live within 20 miles (32 kilometres) of it. Currently there are 20,777 crofts registered on the Crofter Register, mostly in the Highlands and Islands. Historically crofts have been rented by crofters from landlords whose estates may contain many crofts. Whilst the majority of smallholdings are owner-occupied, the majority of crofts are still tenanted. However there are an increasing number of ‘owner-occupiers’ such as ourselves, and our croft is a part of a crofting township, rather than on an estate. Townships such as ours usually have ‘common grazings’, so there are about 20-25 crofts in our township and we have 4 ‘shares’ in the common grazings, meaning that we can put four cows on the thousand acres of shared land that make up the common grazings. The common grazings are managed by a ‘grazings committee’ comprising crofting members of the township including ourselves. Committee members are elected by the crofters in the township and the committee decides what animals can be grazed and what other use the land can be put to, such as planting trees or green energy schemes. Our township is a cattle township, so we cannot put sheep on the common grazings. In reality there are only two or three crofters who use the grazings in our township. If we wanted, we could apply to the Crofting Commission for an ‘apportionment’, a term used when someone who has shares in a common grazing wants to take part of the common grazing for their own exclusive use.
What is crofting tenure?
Crofting tenure is enshrined in law and gives wide-ranging rights to crofting tenants (known as crofters), such as: security of tenure. fair rents. compensation for permanent improvements. the right to pass on their tenancies to members of their families or.
What does "security of tenure" mean?
security of tenure – meaning that they cannot be evicted by the landlord, although they can be evicted by the Crofting Commission for failing to make adequate use of the land they have. fair rents – the Crofting Commission provide a rent review service that will fix rents in a way not usually available to smallholders.
Where are crofts found?
Crofts are also found predominantly in the ‘former crofting counties’ of Argyll, Inverness, Ross and Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness, Orkney and Shetland.
What is the Crofting Commission?
It is a an executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government, run by a board elected in the main by crofters. The Commission responsible for sustaining, developing and regulating crofting and promoting the interests of crofters. Their primary role is to.
What is crofting community right to buy?
Crofting community right to buy is a right that can be exercised at any time. This distinguishes it from community right to buy, as land can be acquired without the consent of the owner. This means that a successful crofting community right to buy application can force the selling of land, which likens it to a compulsory purchase.
Why are social crofts important?
Social crofts provide a non-judgmental environment where people are free to talk about their problems or not. Social crofts are therefore a useful resource for people who are less likely to engage with traditional mental health and wellbeing services as they invite people to get outside and take part in socially acceptable ‘normal activities and to become more active, rather than join a group with a more clinical mental health and well-being focus.
What is a social croft?
A social croft, or care croft, like a social farm or care farm, is a working croft that offers activities to visitors aimed at providing social support or improving social, psychological and emotional functioning. It is often defined as the therapeutic use of farming or crofting practices, and is a hands-on approach that combines being in nature, being part of a social group and taking part in meaningful croft-based agricultural activities.
How does eco therapy help the general population?
There is a wealth of evidence that such eco-therapies and activities in natural settings are therapeutically beneficial for the general population as a whole, and can enhance everyone’s mental and physical health, improving mental wellbeing and building resilience. In this way such approaches can provide a preventative service reducing the need for more acute health and social care services later on.
How does social crofting help people with autism?
Social crofting and care farming enable people with learning disabilities or autism to take part in meaningful activities where they learn new skills, engage in activities with visible and tangible results, meet new people and become more physically active.
When will Darach Croft open?
We will be opening Darach Croft as a Social Croft from March 2020 with the official opening on Saturday May 26th.
Why do people work at crofts?
More specifically attending a social croft or care farm can provide routine and a structure to a participant’s day and regular attending can allow people to develop a sense of identity by saying they work on a croft or farm; longer term participation provides a sense of the changing seasons; working with the soil or with the animals is relaxing, helps people to learn new skills and develops a sense of achievement. Participants are able to build relationships with other people who come to the croft or farm such as neighbours, suppliers, vets and other members of staff. Most participants will say that it makes them feel good, increases their activity, helps them to sleep better and that they make new friends
What is social prescribing?
Social prescribing is a way of linking people with non-medical support and interventions within their community. It can widen the range of choices available for people, especially for those that do not respond well to the more traditional psychotherapeutic or medical approaches.