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Tag: What is a greenhouse agriculture

what is greenhouse farming in india

what is greenhouse farming in india插图

Greenhouse agriculture in India is themethod of providing favorable environmental conditions to the plants. Greenhouse structures can make an adequate growing temperature in summer and winter alike. They often are used for growing plants and trees that need strictly regulated climatic conditions.

How to become a greenhouse farmer in India?

Greenhouse farming requires a heavy expenditure on infrastructure, equipment, labor, and raw material. Also, greenhouse farmer must have technical, economic marketing knowledge; hence you must finish a training program. In India, there is various government organization provide, Greenhouse farming (polyhouse Farming) training.

What is a greenhouse agriculture?

A Greenhouse is a framed structure covered with a transparent material to grow crops under partial or fully controlled environmental effects to get optimum growth. Greenhouse agriculture in India is the method of providing favorable environmental conditions to the plants.

What is greenhouse technology in India?

One such technology is the greenhouse technology. Although it is centuries old, it is new to India. Growing plants is both an art and a science. About 95% of plants, either food crops or cash crops are grown in an open field. Since time immemorial, man has learned how to grow plants under natural environmental conditions.

Which is the first state in India to start house farming?

Sikkim was the first state to start this type of house farming. Q: Does the state of Karnataka have greenhouse farming? Ans: Greenhouse farming in Karnatakais flourishing at a rapid pace. A majority of the vegetables in this state are cultivated in a greenhouse.

How to get a loan for a greenhouse?

To get a loan for the greenhouse, you have to Create a Greenhouse farming project report with the chartered accountant or any agency and present it to the bank for the loan officer. Also, this project report is useful for an apply subsidy for the greenhouse.

What is a natural ventilation greenhouse?

Natural Vent Greenhouse –. This type of greenhouse is based on natural ventilation, and depending on the crops, the temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide gas can be maintained as per the requirement. In this Greenhouse, upper and side shade nets prevent insect and bacterial access for control inside temperature.

What is greenhouse technology?

Greenhouse Technology is the technique of providing favorable environmental conditions to the plants. Of all agricultural production activities, the greenhouse industry is worldwide the fastest growing sector. The greenhouse is goldmines that offer the most profitable business opportunities.

What is the purpose of a greenhouse?

The use of the greenhouse is mainly for producing seasonal and non-seasonal crops, for the production of high-quality flowers, vegetables, and the preparation of a nursery prepared by tissue culture.

Why is Evey Day important?

The Key to becoming a successful greenhouse farmer is “Evey day close monitoring crop” it helps understand any pest or disease attack on the crop early. Also, it helps to understand nutrients deficiency in the plant.

What is off season production?

Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops. Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously. Efficient utilization of chemicals, pesticides to control pest and diseases. Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control.

How are temperature and humidity controlled in a greenhouse?

In such a greenhouse, temperature and humidity are controlled by using micro-irrigation techniques. In this type of greenhouse, the internal environment is fully managed.

What can be grown under a poly house?

The yield under poly house cultivation can be achieved to the level of 5-8 times as compared to the open crop cultivation. Various trials conducted at agro-research centers in northern India indicates that capsicum ( planted in mid-September), cucumber (planting –mid-October) and tomato (November planting) under poly house produced 1060 kg, 1460 kg and 1530 kg per 100 square meters. The duration of these crops were 4- 9 months and more than 90% of total yield were obtained during the off-season (during winter before the start of summer) which fetches significantly higher market price (2-4 times than normal season). Further, the crop duration can be extended up to July –August with the application of micro irrigation and fertilization and yield can be achieved to the level of 20-25 kg/m2. Therefore, it is possible to harvest a single crop round year with minimum additional inputs and higher income can be generated. Further, cut flowers like Carnations, Gerbera, Lilly, Rose, orchids, anthurium etc.can be grown under poly houses/ net houses giving high returns and top quality produce. The potential of floriculture under protected cultivation is huge for Indian and global markets.

What are the advantages of greenhouse farming?

Advantages of Greenhouse Farming: 1 The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of outdoor cultivation depending upon the type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities. 2 Reliability of crop increases under greenhouse cultivation. 3 Ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops. 4 Year round production of floricultural crops. 5 Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops. 6 Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously. 7 Efficient utilization of chemicals, pesticides to control pest and diseases. 8 Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control. 9 Maintenance of stock plants, cultivating grafted plant-lets

How long does it take to get back investment on poly house?

Controlled Environment. It is possible to get back the investment on polyhouse within a period of 3 to 5 years period.

What is greenhouse?

Greenhouses are framed or inflated structures covered with transparent or translucent material large enough to grow crops under partial or fully controlled environmental conditions to get optimum growth and productivity. Growing crops in Greenhouse.

What is greenhouse technology?

So, Greenhouse Technology is the technique of providing favorable environment condition to the plants. It is rather used to protect the plants from the adverse climatic conditions such as wind, cold, precipitation, excessive radiation, extreme temperature, insects and diseases.

What is the backbone of India’s economy?

Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economic activity and our experience during the last 50 years has demonstrated the strong correlation between agricultural growth and economic prosperity. The present agricultural scenario is a mix of outstanding achievements and missed opportunities. If India has to emerge as an economic power in the world, our agricultural productivity should equal those countries, which are currently rated as the economic power of the world. We need a new and effective technology which can improve continuously the productivity, profitability, sustainability of our major farming systems. One such technology is the greenhouse technology. Although it is centuries old, it is new to India.

How much higher is the yield of a greenhouse?

The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of outdoor cultivation depending upon the type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities.

Why are greenhouses important?

While these structures differ in terms of size and purpose, commercial greenhouses can be significantly larger and boast high-tech equipment designed to boost lighting, cooling, heating, and different types of screening installations. The purpose of having a Greenhouse structure is to shield different crops from excess cold or heat and unwanted pests and diseases . A greenhouse makes it possible to grow definite types of crops year-round, and fruits, vegetables, and flowers are what a greenhouse most normally grows.

What is a greenhouse made of?

The greenhouse is made of some type of transparent material to create a microclimate inside the house. Different materials like glass, wood, polyethylene, etc. are used as a greenhouse cover to generate the microclimate.

How does a greenhouse reduce heat?

A Greenhouse structure reduces the rate at which thermal energy flows out of its structure , and it does this by impeding heat that has been absorbed from leaving its confines through convection. The material for agriculture Greenhouse construction is typically glass or plastic so that sunlight can pass through it. This sunlight is integral to the Greenhouse becoming warm since it heats the ground inside the Greenhouse structure. In turn, the warm ground then warms up the air in the Greenhouse structure, which keeps on heating the plants inside since it is confined within the structure of the Greenhouse.

How does a greenhouse reduce the rate at which thermal energy flows out of its structure?

A Greenhouse structure reduces the rate at which thermal energy flows out of its structure, and it does this by impeding heat that has been absorbed from leaving its confines through convection. The material for agriculture Greenhouse construction is typically glass or plastic so that sunlight can pass through it. This sunlight is integral to the Greenhouse becoming warm since it heats the ground inside the Greenhouse structure. In turn, the warm ground then warms up the air in the Greenhouse structure, which keeps on heating the plants inside since it is confined within the structure of the Greenhouse.

What is greenhouse technology?

Greenhouse technology is a method of providing favorable environmental conditions to plants by growing them a greenhouse, a structure with walls and roof made mainly of transparent material, such as glass.

How does greenhouse agriculture help the environment?

Greenhouse agriculture also aids in the efficient use of chemicals and pesticides to control pests and diseases.

Why is greenhouse cultivation important?

Greenhouse cultivation helps to create favorable microclimates where the production of all vegetables and flowers is made possible throughout the year or part of the year as per the requirement .

Benefits of Greenhouse Farming

Following, we are going to show the greenhouse farming advantages. Have a look.

Types of Greenhouse Farming

There are various types of greenhouse organic farming available depending on shape, material, ventilation and construction. Every greenhouse vertical farming type has its own benefit. These can be done according to the suitability and needs of the farmers. Check out below the list.

What is Polyhouse Farming in India?

We are providing some polyhouse farming information, check out. Polyhouse is a type of Greenhouse farming, where a specific polythene sheet used to cover material under which the crops are grown to some extent or wholly controlled climatic conditions. The greenhouse farming developed on wooden casings where the glass used as a cladding material.

Polyhouse Farming Benefits

Crop grown under a controlled environment which minimises the changes of damage or loss.

Difference Between Greenhouse Farming and Polyhouse Farming

Polyhouse farming is a smaller concept than greenhouse farming. Its costs are less than greenhouse organic farming. Since polyhouse cultivation is a kind of indoor farming, it accompanies large numbers of similar advantages, for example, restricting insects, all year developing, greater yields and making it simpler to be 100 percent natural.

Greenhouse Farming Vs Polyhouse Farming

Commercial greenhouse farming demands heavy equipment, raw material, infrastructure, and labour, which requires huge investment. And, if you want to earn profit, you need to have a good knowledge about economics, technical and marketing. Therefore, you should take training before starting your own business in this field.

Most Productive Greenhouse Farming States in India

Check out below the top most productive green farming states in India.

Why cultivate in a greenhouse?

As we mentioned earlier, greenhouses must be a kind of oasis for your plants, providing them with enough light, ventilation, humidity and an adequate temperature.

Are you interested in this topic?

We are sure now you have a better idea of “ What is Greenhouse Farming? “. We want to know how passionate you are about agriculture, leave us a comment and share with us what you know about greenhouses and their many advantages! Ask questions, let’s debate! This is how we will continue enriching this article every day. See you in the next article!

What is greenhouse farming?

Greenhouse Farming is the process of cultivating crops and vegetable in a greenhouse ecosystems environment. Cultivation in greenhouses is a practice that has allowed farmers to increase their performance, while improving the quality of products, isolating them in micro-ecosystems that have the ideal conditions for plants to grow healthy, …

Why are greenhouses used?

In these cases, there is always the possibility that the crops will not be able to adapt to these abrupt changes, and that is why greenhouses are used to protect the plants and to produce fruit all year round.

Why is it important to grow plants in greenhouses?

Cultivation in greenhouses, by allowing the farmer to plant under optimal conditions, ensures the good development of the crop. And as you can all imagine, a plant that grows well is a plant that bears good fruit…. fruits that can be sold on the market at a good price.

What temperature does tomato need to be to bear fruit?

On the other hand, if temperatures are above 25° or 27° degrees, the development of the tomato is altered and it does not bear fruit correctly.

Why do farmers use greenhouses?

When growing using greenhouses it is much easier to keep track of how resources are used and to manage them correctly. Farmers can monitor the growth of their plants more carefully, and use the necessary fertilizers at each stage of development, for example. The same goes for water.

What is the most common greenhouse technology?

are used as greenhouse cover to create the microclimate. Polyhouse is one type of green house where polyethylene is used as the cover. In India, polyhouse farming is the most popular greenhouse technology for it’s low cost of construction. Lath house is another greenhouse technology …

How is a greenhouse designed?

A greenhouse is designed based on environmental conditions of the site and those required for plant growth in polyhouse farming. Taking into consideration the Indian climatic conditions, multi-span, Quonset type greenhouse is the most preferred. It is economical and can be easily constructed. For naturally ventilated greenhouses low density polyethylene films stabilized under UV is used. Some people also use films having a thickness of 200 microns. Screws and nails are not used since the films may get torn off. Instead, they are fastened using T-lock or L-lock. While designing the greenhouse it should be remembered that the structure must bear different types of loads like:

What is a greenhouse made of?

A greenhouse or polyhouse can be defined as a house or a structure made of transparent material like glass or polyethylene wherein plants are grown under well-controlled climatic conditions. The size of structure varies from small sheds to industry-sized buildings according to the purpose.

Why do we use containers in greenhouses?

Using containers increase capacity of the production while reducing the crop time in polyhouse farming. Containers ensure uniform growth of plants and minimum transplantation shock. In addition, it eases monitoring of plants and plant nutrition.

What is the most popular covering material for greenhouse farming in India?

The plastic films used can be silpaulin or UV stabilized low density polyethylene. This is the most popular covering material for greenhouse farming in India.

How long should a greenhouse be?

In case of naturally ventilated greenhouse, the length must not exceed 60m.

Why is a greenhouse important?

Site Selection for Greenhouse Construction. In its early years, the aim of a greenhouse was to grow species that require heat in colder regions. It was easier to control climatic factors like temperature and moisture level inside a greenhouse and protect the plants from the harsh external cold winds.