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Tag: What is a terrace in agriculture

where is terrace farming practiced in china

where is terrace farming practiced in china插图

Yunnan province

How did terrace farming start in China?

Terrace Farmings in China To adapt to the environment, the Chinese people created the terraced fields. In the mountainous areas of south China, there were less plain terrains suitable for rice cultivation; these terraces on the hillsides and can conserve water and soil with various dams, further increasing productivity.

Is terrace farming the best way to grow big crops?

But a big enough area of ideal topography for a big crop is hard to find. The smarter way is to use terrace farming. What at first looks like unusable land for rice becomes step after step of perfect rice fields. Rice fields on terraced of Mu Cang Chai, YenBai, Vietnam.

Where are China’s rice terraces located?

China’s rice terraces are mainly distributed in the mountainous area in the south of the Yangtze River.

What is a terrace in agriculture?

Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, instead of rain carrying away the soil nutrients and plants down the slope, they flow to the next terrace.

What are the problems with terraces reclaiming?

1) High cost during the terraces reclaiming, especially on the steep slopes; #N#2) Prone to lose water and soil during the reclaiming period;# N#3) Hard to apply any large-scale modern machinery and equipment;# N#4) The ridge may collapse during heavy rain.

Where are the Ziquejie terraced fields?

Seated in the Shuiche district of Lousi city, Hunan province, the Ziquejie Terraced Fields are hailed as the "Kingdom of Terraces." The natural landscapes and the irrigation systems here are the best in China, even the world. About 2000 years ago, Miao, Yao, Dong, and Han people began to live in this area and work together. They together created this natural miracle and cultural landscape. The front of the mountain is the rice fields, while on the back of the Ziquejie terrace, there is the 10000-acre honeysuckle base and 48 Yao villages. Therefore, the Ziquejie Terraced Fields are a combination of southern rice culture and fishing and hunting culture in mountain areas.

Where are the Hani terraces located?

Located in southern Ailao Mountain of Yuanyang county, Yunnan province , Yuanyang Hani Terraces are the efforts of generations of Hani people. For over a thousand years, the Hani people have been living in this place and assarting the terraces based on the mountains, creating a 360,000-acre terrace and a colorful art gallery of folk culture. Therefore, many people hail the Yuanyang Hani Terraces "the most amazing earth sculpture." The paddies in these areas are massive and magnificent; they stretch the Red River, Yuanyang, Lvchun, and Jinping, while the Yuanyang terraces are the largest pieces. Spring is the best time to visit the terraces. Local people will fill the terraces with water and transplant rice; the layers of terraces will look like crouching silver dragons.

What is terrace farming?

Terrace farming refers to the agricultural work on the strip-shaped or wavy sections of terraces built on the hills or hilly lands along the contour lines. It’s an effective way to control the loss of soil and water on sloping farmland. Meanwhile, great ventilation and light transmission are conducive to crop growth and nutrients accumulation. The width of the terraces often depends on the slope of the hills, thickness of the soil layers, number of laborers and the cultivation method, and the irrigation and drainage system and the passages are often designed uniformly.

Why are terraced fields important?

To adapt to the environment, the Chinese people created the terraced fields. In the mountainous areas of south China, there were less plain terrains suitable for rice cultivation; these terraces on the hillsides and can conserve water and soil with various dams, further increasing productivity. Nowadays, the terrace fields are not only for plant cultivation but have become a unique tourism resource. They are praised as the "most beautiful curves on the planet." Especially in Spring, different shapes of terraces are filled with water, and farmers are plowing in the fields, creating a beautiful and lively pastoral landscape. Let’s visit some of the most beautiful terrace landscapes in China!

Where are the rice terraces in China?

Situated about 27 kilometers southeast of Longsheng County, there is a vast region of rice terraces stretching layer upon layer. Known as the Longji Rice Terraces (Dragon Backbone’s Rice Terraces), the grandest terraces in China! Construction began in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and was completed in the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It represents the great accomplishment of profound wisdom and the strenuous labor of minority people in Southern China. Varying scenes are put on their display with the passage of four different seasons, as nature displays its grandeur. Wandering in the terraces, one can not only enjoy the natural beauty but also experience the unique culture of ethnic minorities. There are several minorities, including Zhuang, Miao, and Yao. One can visit their wooden buildings, learn their beautiful dances, and appreciate their costumes and Longji tea.

How to prevent water loss and soil erosion in mountain slopes after reclamation?

1) Prevent the water loss and soil erosion in mountain slopes after the reclamation;#N#2) Make full use of the land resources and improve agricultural productivity; #N#3) Irrigate and farm more easily in mountainous areas.

How Does Terrace Farming Work?

A farmer farming on a rice terrace. Image credit: Thirawatana Phaisalratana/Shutterstock.com

What is terracing in agriculture?

This leads to the growth of healthy crops. There are two types of terracing known as graded terracing and level terracing. Terrace farming was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible.

How does terrace farming affect soil quality?

The consequence of overflowing water is that it causes more dangerous water runoffs.Terraces may also result in mudslides if not well managed. Another limitation of terrace farming is that there’s need for huge inputs of labor to construct and maintain the terraces. Hence it is expensive as it is labor intensive. However, it can be cheap if there’s access to cheap labor. Terrace farming also leads to the reduction in soil quality due to the leaching process.

Why is terrace farming important?

Its absence would have led to most parts of Asia being unproductive. Hence it needs to be explored in other parts of the world such as Africa, America and other parts of the Asia that are not yet using it.

What happens when it rains?

When it rains, instead of rain carrying away the soil nutrients and plants down the slope, they flow to the next terrace. Every step has an outlet which channels water to the next step. This helps in keeping some areas dry and others wet. On very high altitudes, other crops apart from rice can be grown.

Where is terraced rice field?

Terraced Rice Field in Chiangmai, Thailand. Image credit: Chatrawee Wiratgasem/Shutterstock.com. Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains to be used for crop cultivation. Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, …

How does a terrace help?

Sometimes rain water carries away the crops leading to low crop yield. Thirdly, terraces help in reduction of soil erosion and water loss.

What is terrace farming?

Luckily, different techniques have been developed for farming on different types of land. The technique that is practiced for farming in mountainous regions is known as terrace farming. In terrace farming, small flat areas are cut out of a hilly region. The technique is mainly used for the cultivation of crops like rice. It is popular in the mountainous region in Asia and South America.

Why is terrace farming important?

India, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka have a vast mountainous region, and rice is one of the major crops grown over this region. Another important reason for using terrace farming for growing rice paddy is that it requires a lot of water, and using this technique, more areas can be covered with limited water. It also helps in preventing soil erosion, a widespread phenomenon in mountainous regions.

What is the oldest occupation in the world?

Farming is one of the oldest occupations in the world. From Asia to Africa and from America to Europe, farming is an important source of income, and it always has been. Food is one of the primary requirements of humans globally, and there’s absolutely no alternative to it. The land and terrains across the world are different from each other in a lot of ways. So is the soil. This is why different types of crops are grown in different parts of the world. The total landmass across the world comprises plains, plateaus, mountains, and rocky terrain. The ideal type of land for farming is plains.

Where was terrace farming first used?

According to research, terrace farming was used near the desert city of Petra long ago. Several kinds of research prove that the technique is usually an ancient practice passed from one civilization to another. Researchers believe that the practice was first used at least 2,000 years ago. As per the research, the technique was used in Petra for farming wheat, grapes, and olives.

Which region is known for its deserts that are otherwise not fit for farming?

Petra, a region known for its deserts that is otherwise not fit for farming, benefited hugely due to the technique.

Is Switzerland a green country?

Switz erland is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural beauty. It is also one of the lands with an untouched green cover. Terrace farming is a popular practice in the Lavaux region of the country. The technique is used for vineyards. The practice has been in existence since the 11th century.

What are some examples of terrace farming?

She is the author of The Ethiopian Wolf: Hope at the Edge of Extinction. Beautiful terraced rice field in water season in Laocai province in Vietnam . (Photo: Jimmy Tran/Shutterstock)

Why do we need terraces?

The use of terraces help to prevent erosion and soil runoff, something that would be an immediate result of trying to till a hillside into farmland without using terraced steps. By using terraces, a hillside can remain productive for as long as the soil is properly cared for and the terraces maintained.

What is the tallest mountain in the world?

Smithsonian writes, "The Andes are some of the tallest, starkest mountains in the world. Yet the Incas, and the civilizations before them, coaxed harvests from the Andes ’ sharp slopes and intermittent waterways.".

Where are terrace farms located?

Terrace farms line the coastal hillside of the Lavaux region. (Photo: swisshippo /iStock) The Lavaux region in Switzerland also makes use of terrace farming for vineyards that line the north side of Lake Geneva. The terraces can be traced all the way back to the 11th century.

What are tea plantations famous for?

Tea plantations are famous for the designs they create on hillsides. (Photo: zhudifeng /iStock) Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming. These beautiful green crops create incredible landscapes and can often be as much a tourist destination as they are a site for growing a sought-after consumer product.

Where are terraced rice fields?

Beautiful terraced rice fields of Bali, Indonesia. (Photo: EastVillage Images/Shutterstock) Terrace farming is used for rice, barley and wheat in east and southeast Asia and is a key part of the agricultural system. But Asian countries aren’t the only ones with a handle on the terrace farming system.

Where did terrace farming originate?

As recently as 2013, researchers found that terrace farming was used near the desert city of Petra even earlier than previously thought — as long as 2,000 years ago. "The successful terrace farming of wheat, grapes and possibly olives, resulted in a vast, green, agricultural “suburb” to Petra in an otherwise inhospitable, arid landscape," reports the University of Cincinnati. This is at the heart of terrace farming: making use of otherwise un-farmable land to create bountiful crops to support humans. Without this practice coming of age so long ago, civilizations around the world may have had a very, very different future.

What Is Terrace Farming?

Terracing is an agricultural practice that suggests rearranging farmlands or turning hills into farmlands by constructing specific ridged platforms. These platforms are called terraces.

How Does Terracing Prevent & Reduce Soil Erosion?

How does terrace farming prevent soil erosion? In fact, terraces break the slope, splitting one big slope into several smaller ones, making it less steep, and the force of water due to gravitation is less destructive.

Is Terracing Sustainable?

Prevention or reduction of soil erosion, as well as soil conservation by terracing, allow using the terraced farmlands in the long run. It attests to the essential role of terracing in sustainable agriculture.

Why is terrace farming important?

Yet, its advantages are multifold. The importance of terrace farming goes far beyond cultivating lands that are not suitable for agriculture otherwise. Furthermore, terrace farming prevents soil erosion and contributes to soil conservation.

How does terracing help the environment?

In particular, terrace agriculture: Increases farmability and land productivity of sloped fields. Contributes to water conservation: slows down and reduces water runoffs, improves rainwater harvesting.

What is the essential feature of terracing agriculture?

The essential (and distinguishing) feature of terracing agriculture is excavating and moving topsoil to form farmed areas and ridges. The trick is that water flows down to lower platforms when the upper ones are full. Thus, the amount of water is distributed more or less evenly, not just at the foot of the hill.

What are the different types of terracing?

The most popular terracing types in farming are broad-base, narrow-base, and grassed back-slope. Their choice depends on how steep the hill is. Correspondingly, not all the types imply farming of all terrace slopes.