How didthe AswanHighDamchangeEgyptianfarming? The AswanHighDambrought the Nile’s devastating floods to an end, reclaimed more than 100,000 acres of desert land for cultivation, and made additional crops possible on some 800,000 other acres.
What are the effects of the Aswan High Dam on Egypt?
In addition to the human and archaeological costs, the Aswan High Dam has gradually decreased the fertility and, hence, the productivity of Egypt’s riverside agricultural lands.
What is the name of the dam in Egypt?
Aswan High Dam. Written By: Aswan High Dam, Arabic Al-Sadd al-?ālī, rockfill dam across the Nile River, at Aswān, Egypt, completed in 1970 (and formally inaugurated in January 1971) at a cost of about $1 billion.
What is another name for the Aswan High Dam?
Alternative Title: Al-Saad al-?ālī. Aswan High Dam, Arabic Al-Sadd al-?ālī, rockfill dam across the Nile River, at Aswān, Egypt, completed in 1970 (and formally inaugurated in January 1971) at a cost of about $1 billion.
What is a dam in geography?
Dam, structure built across a stream, river, or estuary to retain water. Reservoir on the Nile River, in Upper Egypt and northern Sudan. It was created by the impounding of the Nile’s waters by the Aswan High Dam, which was built in the 1960s and dedicated…
What is the Aswan High Dam?
Aswan High Dam, Egypt. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The Aswan High Dam yields enormous benefits to the economy of Egypt. For the first time in history, the annual Nile flood can be controlled by man. The dam impounds the floodwaters, releasing them when needed to maximize their utility on irrigated land, to water hundreds of thousands …
How long is the Aswan Dam?
Once one of the largest dams in the world, it is 2,142 metres (7,027 feet) long and is pierced by 180 sluices that formerly passed the whole Nile flood, with its heavy load of silt.
Why is the Nile dam not deposited?
This is because of the dam’s complete control of the Nile’s annual flooding. Much of the flood and its load of rich fertilizing silt is now impounded in reservoirs and canals; the silt is thus no longer deposited by the Nile’s rising waters on farmlands.
Where were the Egyptians relocated?
Fifty thousand Egyptians were transported to the Kawm Umbū valley, 30 miles (50 km) north of Aswān, to form a new agricultural zone called Nubaria, and most of the Sudanese were resettled around Khashm al-Qirbah, Sudan. Aswan High Dam.
How far does Lake Nasser back up the Nile?
Lake Nasser backs up the Nile about 200 miles (320 km) in Egypt and almost 100 miles (160 km) farther upstream (south) in Sudan; creation of the reservoir necessitated the costly relocation of the ancient Egyptian temple complex of Abu Simbel, which would otherwise have been submerged.
What is an encyclopedia editor?
Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree. …
Where is the Temple of Ramses II?
Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel, Egypt, c. 1250 bce, New Kingdom, 19th dynasty.