Is there a guide to dairy farming in South Africa?
18 The Milk SA guide todairy farming in South Africa C. Opportunities and risks in dairy farming It is generally accepted that success in the dairy market depends on various factors, including:
How do you start a dairy farm business?
Starting a dairy farm is more than just owning a few dairy cows and milking them two times daily. It requires knowledge of dairy cow diseases, correct housing and feeding of dairy cows, understanding milking equipment and assuring absolute cleanliness and hygiene during milking and the processing of milk.
How big is the dairy cow industry in South Africa?
The dairy cow industry in South Africa is one of the largest agricultural industries in the country, employing more than 40 000 people. Starting a dairy farm is more than just owning a few dairy cows and milking them two times daily.
What is commercial farming in South Africa?
14 The Milk SA guide todairy farming in South Africa A. Commercial and non- commercial dairy farmers Commercial dairy farmers Commercial farming is when the main purpose is to sell and/or add value to agricultural products, such as milk, for profit.
Why do cows live longer?
This is because of a better reproductive ability, being more robust, and better adapted to local conditions such as heat tolerance and a greater resistance to diseases.
Why are Holstein cows so popular?
Holstein cows are popular for their high milk yield. The breed to use for commercial production therefore depends on personal preferences, environmental factors such as climatic conditions, available feeds and milk end-products for example if you want to sell milk or want to make cheese.
What cow breeds are in South Africa?
These are: Holsteins – from the original Dutch Friesian cow Ayrshires – from Scotland Jerseys – from the Jersey Isles between England and France Guernseys – from …
Why is it important to choose the right breed of cows for dairy farming?
Choosing the right breed for dairy farming is important to ensure healthy animals, a good yield and strong offspring that will live long.
Where are abondances milked?
Some European dual-purpose breeds, derived from the Simmental breed, are also currently being milked in South Africa. These include the Fleckvieh, Montbéliarde and Abondance from Germany, France and Italy, respectively.
What is dairy farming in South Africa?
Dairy Farming in South Africa. Dairy farm in South Africa. The dairy cow industry in South Africa is one of the largest agricultural industries in the country, employing more than 40 000 people. Starting a dairy farm is more than just owning a few dairy cows and milking them two times daily. It requires knowledge of dairy cow diseases, correct …
What is MPO in South Africa?
While the Milk Producers’ Organisation (MPO) provides training and supports sustainable dairy farming in South Africa, SouthAfrica.co.za aims to provide easy-to-read content in all 11 languages that could help new farmers understand basic principles about dairy farming in South Africa.
When does milk fever occur in dairy cows?
Metabolic Diseases in Dairy Cows. Milk fever usually occurs at calving or 3 to 4 days after calving in older, high producing cows. It is also more common in Jerseys than other breeds…. more.
When does milk production start?
Milk production starts after calving. Getting cows pregnant is therefore one of the most important management actions on a dairy farm…. more
What is the importance of biosecurity in dairy farming?
D. Biosecurity principles on a dairy farm. Biosecurity, which refers to the protection of health through the avoidance of disease, is becoming increasingly important to the dairy sector. Good biosecurity, which literally means “safe life”, plays an important role and has many advantages on a dairy farm.
What is the dairy industry in South Africa?
1.1 Introduction to the South African dairy industry. Milk production is an essential part of many farming enterprises. In South Africa it is the fifth largest agricultural industry. Milk is produced every day and gives a regular income to the numerous small and large producers.
Why are dairy farmers in South Africa so successful?
Although there are fewer dairy farmers in South Africa than before, they still produce well because they have enlarged their herds and use the most advanced technology. They understand that dairy farming is a business and needs to be operated with the relevant business skills. Knowledge of dairy cattle and their management is necessary, as well as providing the cow in milk with the kind of nutrition that will allow it to produce the optimum amount of quality milk. Milk can be used to make an enormous variety of high-quality products. The high cost of milk as a raw material has demanded a high-technology processing industry. Strict and wide- ranging quality regulation and high transport costs can be expected because of milk being perishable and bulky.
What is subsistence farming?
Very little money is spent or earned in a subsistence farming enterprise, and the purpose is not to become a commercial dairy farmer. When the produced milk is consumed or used by an individual farmer or his family, or sold or exchanged amongst a small group, it is known as subsistence or communal dairy farming.
What is the main purpose of a dairy farmer?
Communal/subsistence farming is when the main purpose of the farmer is to produce food and other agricultural products, such as milk, to meet the needs of the farming family.
What is commercial dairy farming?
Commercial dairy farmers. Commercial farming is when the main purpose is to sell and/or add value to agricultural products, such as milk, for profit. Choices about what or how much to produce are determined by the market, not by the needs of the farmers and their families.
What are the two types of milk producers in South Africa?
Milk production in South Africa is dominated by two types of producers: large-scale commercial producers, and small to medium-sized commercial producers. INPUTS
Why is dairy herd health important?
Herd health is very important for dairy operations. Dairy cows can get sick quite easily, and are more prone to injury to their feet and udders than beef cows are, and are also prone to milk fever and ketosis after calving. In order to have a healthy dairy herd, stringent health practices must be in place. Thanks!
What to learn about dairy farming?
If you don’t have dairy farm experience already, take some time to learn about breeding, calving, manure management, weaning, milking cows, and crop management. Farming requires a great deal of time, work, and knowledge, so walk into it with open eyes.
How to buy dairy animals?
The animal should be healthy and vaccinated against disease. Ideally, purchase the animals right after calving, on its second or third lactation (when milk production is highest). Wait to buy the second half the herd until the first group is about to go dry, so your farm can produce milk year round.
What are the most common dairy animals?
The most common dairy animals are cows, goats (good for a small farm), or water buffalo (in south Asia). Each one has many dairy breeds, and local knowledge is your best way to choose between them.
How to calculate production cost per unit of milk?
For each breed, divide annual upkeep cost by annual milk production to find production cost per unit of milk.
Why do you need to mark each animal?
Assuming you have more than a few animals, you’ll need to mark them to tell them apart. This will help you track individual milk production and illness. Tagging is a common method.
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