Very interesting way of farming
Jhoom farming is avery interesting way of farming. After cutting one crop,the land is left as it is for some time say for a year. Nothing is grown there. The bamboo or weeds which raise on that land are not taken out. You can download NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 20 PDF by clicking on the button below.
What is the difference between Jhoom farming and Bhaskarbhai farming?
The ash acts like manure. Bhaskarbhai ploughs the land before sowing the seeds. In Jhoom farming, furrows are made with sickles before sowing the seeds. 2.Explain in your own words why forests are important for the people living in forests.
What is the difference between Jhoom farming and weed farming?
On the other hand, in case of Jhoom farming, weeds are burnt in the field and ashes are mixed with soil. The ash acts like manure.
What are the problems faced by jhum farmers?
It is known that there is a loss of almost 22 percent of the soil present in the top layer which leads to uneconomical farming methods. Jhum farmers are usually economically backward which brings them back to cultivation very soon and the land doesn’t get enough time to regrow its forest.
What is jhum cultivation?
Jhum cultivation which is popularly known as shifting cultivation is one of the oldest types of cultivation practices of India and is practiced majorly in the northeastern states of India. This cultivation has a particular pattern that has to be followed according to the cycle or the period of Jhum cultivation.
Why is jhum cultivation important?
Jhum cultivation has various advantages. First and foremost is the replenishment of soil. It helps the soil gain back all the nutrients it has lost during the cultivation. The recycling process helps the natural vegetation grow back and this is what is exactly required for the soil. This method is very sustainable and in today’s world …
How does shift farming affect the human population?
Shift farming can cause deforestation of a surrounding if farmers keep moving around in a particular area clearing the vegetation for cultivation. This has to be kept in check. Repeated cultivation on the same land can lead to infertility of the soil and make the land barren and can then take more than a century to replenish cultivation standards.
What is the pattern of jhum cultivation?
This cultivation has a particular pattern that has to be followed according to the cycle or the period of Jhum cultivation. Initially, the vegetation or the forest on the land is cleared where the cultivation needs to be practiced and then the farming begins. After the harvest, the land is allowed to have its vegetation back.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Jhum farming?
One of the major advantages of this type of farming is that there are lesser risks of attacks by animals and natural disasters like floods due to the sloped nature of the land. 3. Disadvantages of Jhum Cultivation. Everything that has been useful to the human population has also been exploited injudiciously.
What happens when weeds are removed from the soil?
Also, the weeds that have been removed will dirty the water nearby. It is known that there is a loss of almost 22 percent of the soil present in the top layer which leads to uneconomical farming methods. Jhum farmers are usually economically backward which brings them back to cultivation very soon and the land doesn’t get enough time to regrow its forest.
What are some crops that are polluting the water bodies?
People, on the other hand, can resort to cultivating mushrooms, aloe vera, spirulina, sugarcane, pomegranate, banana or even azolla etc. while giving time for the vegetation to grow back. This kind of farming leads to loss of biodiversity in the area and also pollutes the nearby water bodies. The residues produced the cultivation including the ash produced that might be an advantage to the crops can prove to be a pollutant for the water bodies nearby.
How long did it take for a land to regain its vegetation?
In earlier times, the time given for a land to regain its vegetation growth was almost 25-30 years which replenished the soil to its complete fertility but as the population grew people had to use the same land more frequently and the time given for it to replenish reduced significantly to as less as 5-6 years.