In simple terms, the meaning of organic farming is that it is afarming process where use of fertilisers and pest control means are created or acquired from organic materials. Such a process does not enforce a harmful and degrading effect on our environment.
What is bad about organic farming?
Why Is Organic Food Bad?Cost. For the end consumer,cost is one of the biggest disadvantages of organic foods. …Productivity. Organic farming allows for less productivity per acre of land farmed than conventional industrial farming methods.Time and Skill. Farming organically requires more time on the part of the farmer. …Spoilage. …Location. …
What are the disadvantages of organic farming?
What Are the Disadvantages of Organic Farming?Productivity can be dramatically reduced. Compared to industrialized agriculture,organic farming doesn’t stand a chance in the short-term. …Cultivation takes time during the sowing process. Croplands must typically be cultivated before organic farming can occur at the start of the season. …Crops will always co-mingle with other crops. …More items…
What are facts about organic farming?
Through the adoption of such practices,organic farmers aim at:building up soil organic matter and soil biotaminimizing pest,disease,and weed damageconserving soil,water,and biodiversity resourceslong-term agricultural productivityoptimal nutritional value and quality of producecreating an aesthetically pleasing environment.
What are the basics of organic farming?
Organic farming certificationIt is a term given to products formed according to organic standards as certified by one of the certifying bodies.Many certification bodies are operating in India.Certified organic must apply to a certification body requesting an independent inspection of the farm to verify that the farm meets the organic standards.More items…
How to add organic matter to soil?
Since synthetic fertilizers are not used, building and maintaining a rich, living soil through the addition of organic matter is a priority for organic farmers. Organic matter can be applied through the application of manure, compost, and animal by-products, such as feather meal or blood meal. Due to the potential for harbouring human pathogens, the USDA National Organic Standards mandate that raw manure must be applied no later than 90 or 120 days before harvest, depending on whether the harvested part of the crop is in contact with the ground. Composted manure that has been turned 5 times in 15 days and reached temperatures between 55 and 77.2 °C (131 and 171 °F) has no restrictions on application times. Compost adds organic matter, providing a wide range of nutrients for plants, and adds beneficial microbes to the soil. Given that these nutrients are mostly in an unmineralized form that cannot be taken up by plants, soil microbes are needed to break down organic matter and transform nutrients into a bioavailable “mineralized” state. In comparison, synthetic fertilizers are already in mineralized form and can be taken up by plants directly.
How does organic pest control work?
In addition to pesticides, organic pest control integrates biological, cultural, and genetic controls to minimize pest damage. Biological control utilizes the natural enemies of pests, such as predatory insects (e.g., ladybugs) or parasitoids (e.g., certain wasps) to attack insect pests. Pest cycles can be disrupted with cultural controls, of which crop rotation is the most widely used. Finally, traditional plant breeding has produced numerous crop varieties that are resistant to specific pests. The use of such varieties and the planting of genetically diverse crops provide genetic control against pests and many plant diseases.
Why is organic farming important?
Modern organic farming was developed as a response to the environmental harm caused by the use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers in conventional agriculture, and it has numerous ecological benefits. A plot of organically grown mixed vegetables, Capay, California.
How long does compost take to turn?
Composted manure that has been turned 5 times in 15 days and reached temperatures between 55–77.2 °C (131–171 °F) has no restrictions on application times. Compost adds organic matter, providing a wide range of nutrients for plants, and adds beneficial microbes to the soil.
What is the best way to maintain a rich soil?
Fertilizers. Since synthetic fertilizers are not used, building and maintaining a rich, living soil through the addition of organic matter is a priority for organic farmers. Organic matter can be applied through the application of manure, compost, and animal by-products, such as feather meal or blood meal.
What is organic food?
organic food. …or processed food produced by organic farming methods . Organic food is grown without the use of synthetic chemicals, such as human-made pesticides and fertilizers, and does not contain genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
How does tilling help soil?
Soil is maintained by planting and then tilling in cover crops, which help protect the soil from erosion off-season and provide additional organic matter. The tilling in of nitrogen-fixing cover crops, such as clover or alfalfa, also adds nitrogen to the soil.
What is Organic Farming Definition?
Such strategy involves repeated use of fertilisers, chemicals, pesticides which degrades the quality of crops for the commercial benefits by increasing the units of production.
What do you Understand from the Concept of Organic Farming?
As per the definition of organic farming, it is clear that the objective of organic farming is for the betterment of the ecosystem. Moreover, organic farming is also the answer to the search for sustainable development in the Indian agricultural sector without resulting in depletion of natural resources, which will surely help us to restore the country’s ecological balance.
What are the economic advantages of organic farming?
The cost-benefit analysis indicates that the economic advantages of organic farming help to offset these costs and thereby incur a higher overall profit. The price premiums and lesser requirements of expensive fertilisers and pesticides make up for the increased labour costs of implementing such a kind of farming process .
How does organic farming affect the environment?
However, such farming processes eventually led to severe deterioration of our environment. Organic farming was introduced as a solution to environmental impact which are increasing each passing day for the over-use of harmful chemical, pest control tools and synthetic and inorganic fertilisers.
What is organic farming?
In simple terms, the meaning of organic farming is that it is a farming process where use of fertilisers and pest control means are created or acquired from organic materials. Such a process does not enforce a harmful and degrading effect on our environment.
Why did India introduce HYV seeds?
Our country introduced HYV seeds, pesticides and fertilisers created with the help of adept scientific research, in an effort to increase productivity by a significant amount. This was one of the driving factors of the green revolution, which subsequently helped India to become one of the leading producers of rice and wheat across the globe.
Why is organic farming important?
The most important factor of organic farming is its strength to maintain ecological balance. The environment that humans survive in is affected each and every day with harmful ingredients. This affects the ecological system, which in turn brings hazardous effects on our daily lives that most are unable to recognise.
Why is organic farming important?
Organic farming was actually initiated as an answer to the environmental sufferings caused by the use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilisers. In other words, organic farming is a new system of farming or agriculture that repairs, maintains, and improves the ecological balance.
What is integrated organic farming?
Integrated organic farming. Pure organic farming. Pure organic farming means avoiding all unnatural chemicals. In this process of farming, all the fertilisers and pesticides are obtained from natural sources such as bone meal or blood meal. Integrated organic farming includes the integration of pest management and nutrients management …
How does chemical fertilizer affect soil?
Excessive use of chemical fertilisers reduces the fertility of soil. Excessive use of chemicals has led to soil, water, and air pollution. To conserve ecosystem. To promote sustainable development. Inexpensive farming. Increased demand of organic products due to safety of food.
What is the major issue of organic farming?
Incompetent: The major issue of organic farming is the lack of inadequate infrastructure and marketing of the product.
How does a farmer make a good return on investment?
Good return on Investment: With the usage of cheaper and local inputs , a farmer can make a good return on investment. High demand: There is a huge demand for organic products in India and across the globe, which generates more income through export.
Which has a shorter shelf life, organic or chemical?
Shorter shelf life: Organic products have more flaws and a shorter shelf life than that of chemical products.
Is organic farming an extra expense?
Economical: In organic farming, no expensive fertilisers, pesticides, or HYV seeds are required for the plantation of crops. Therefore, there is no extra expense.
What is organically grown food?
"Organically grown" food is food grown and processed using no synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. Pesticides derived from natural sources (such as biological pesticides) may be used in producing organically grown food.
How many organizations certify organic food?
More than 40 private organizations and state agencies (certifiers) certify organic food. But their standards for growing and labeling organic food may differ. For example, there are differences in: permitting or prohibiting different pesticides or fertilizers in growing organic food.
What is NOP label language?
Approved label language for all pesticide ingredients (active and inert) and all uses of that pesticide must meet the criteria defined in the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Organic Program (NOP) Rule.
What is the NOP?
The NOP’s mission is to: develop and implement national standards that govern the marketing of agricultural products as organically produced; facilitate commerce in fresh and processed food that is organically produced; assure consumers that such products meet consistent standards.
What is OMRI in science?
The Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) is an international nonprofit organization that determines which input products are allowed for use in organic production and processing.
What is the Organic Foods Production Act?
The Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 requires the Secretary of Agriculture to establish a National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances. This list identifies synthetic substances that may be used, and the non-synthetic substances that cannot be used, in organic production and handling operations.
What is NOP in agriculture?
The National Organic Program (NOP) is a US Department of Agriculture (USDA) marketing program within the Agricultural Marketing Service. This agency sets marketing standards. The NOP’s mission is to:
What is Organic Farming?
Organic farming refers to ecologically-based production systems used to produce food and fiber. Organic farming may be most widely known for what it is not; however, it is more important to define organic farming by what it is. Organic farming can be defined by the proactive, ecological management strategies that maintain and enhance soil fertility, prevent soil erosion, promote and enhance biological diversity, and minimize risk to human and animal health and natural resources. Many kinds of farm products are produced organically including vegetables, fruit, herbs, grains, meat, dairy, eggs, fibers, and flowers.
Are Organic Farming Systems Inherently Different From Conventional Farming Systems?
Certified organic farming systems are distinct from other farming systems. Consumers can purchase certified organic products with confidence due to the USDA’s strict enforcement of the regulatory standards. Some administrative requirements of certification include:
How Large is the U.S. Organic Industry?
Organic farming is one of the fastest growing sectors of U.S. agriculture, with sustained growth of approximately 20% per year since 1990. U.S. sales of organic food and beverages have grown from $1 billion in 1990 to an estimated $20 billion in 2007, and are projected to reach nearly $23 billion in 2008. Organic food sales are anticipated to increase an average of 18 percent each year from 2007 to 2010 (Organic Trade Association, 2009). Because of this phenomenal market growth, the organic sector of the US agricultural and food industry is garnering increasing interest from producers, consumers, policymakers and those interested in farm, environmental and nutrition issues (Thilmany, 2006).
What is the Value of Organic Products to Consumers?
Organic consumers are diverse in age and gender as well as social, economic, and educational status. They purchase organic products for a variety of reasons including taste, environmental and social benefits, and a belief that organic products are healthier (Willer and Yussefi, 2008).
What is certification in organic farming?
Certification is an ongoing process that includes an annual update of an operation’s organic system plan and inspection of fields and processing facilities. Inspectors verify that organic farming practices such as practicing long-term soil management, maintaining buffers between organic farms and neighboring conventional farms, and record-keeping are being followed. Processing inspections include review of the facility’s cleaning and pest control methods, ingredient transportation and storage, record-keeping, and audit control.
What is an organic system plan?
the "Organic System Plan”, often called a “Farm Plan”, is created by farmers and ranchers to describe their practices, inputs and record-keeping protocols used in the production of crops and livestock or in the processing of organic products; a detailed record-keeping system that tracks all products from the field to point of sale ;
What are the requirements for organic farming?
Certified organic farming systems are distinct from other farming systems. Consumers can purchase certified organic products with confidence due to the USDA’s strict enforcement of the regulatory standards. Some administrative requirements of certification include: 1 an annual audit of all accredited agencies by the USDA; 2 the "Organic System Plan”, often called a “Farm Plan”, is created by farmers and ranchers to describe their practices, inputs and record-keeping protocols used in the production of crops and livestock or in the processing of organic products; 3 a detailed record-keeping system that tracks all products from the field to point of sale; 4 maintenance of organic integrity to eliminate cross-contamination with prohibited inputs and noncertified agricultural products, and 5 the exclusion of genetically engineered organisms, synthetic fertilizers, synthetic pesticides, preventative antibiotics, growth hormones, and artificial flavors, colors and preservatives.
What is IFOAM in agriculture?
The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) hasproduced a set of international organic standards, laid down by people frommany countries. These give guidelines about what organic farming is and how itshould be practised on the farm.
What is green manure?
Green manures, often known as cover crops, are plants which are grown toimprove the structure, organic matter content and nutrient content of the soil.They are a cheap alternative to artificial fertilisers and can be used to complementanimal manures.
What is mulching in agriculture?
Mulching means covering the ground with a layer of loose material such ascompost, manure, straw, dry grass, leaves or crop residues. Green vegetationis not normally used as it can take a long time to decompose and can attractpests and fungal diseases.
What is compost made of?
Compost is organic matter (plant and animal residues) which has been rotteddown by the action of bacteria and other organisms, over a period of time.Materials such as leaves, fruit skins and animal manures can be used to makecompost. Compost is cheap, easy to make and is a very effective material thatcan be added to the soil, to improve soil and crop quality.
Is natural pest control cheaper than chemical pesticides?
Using natural pest and disease control is often cheaper than applying chemicalpesticides because natural methods do not involve buying materials from theoutside. Products and materials which are already in the home and around thefarm are most often used.