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Tag: what is off season vegetable farming

what is off season vegetable farming

what is off season vegetable farming插图

Off-season (also called counter-season) vegetable cultivation is thegrowing of vegetables under adverse climatic or economic conditions. The agricultural cropping season in South Asia is generally divided into two main seasons as determined by the South Asian monsoon.Author:Pepijn Schreinemachers, Mei-huey Wu, Md. Nasir Uddin, Shahabuddin Ahmad, Peter HansonPublish Year:2016

What is off-season vegetable cultivation?

Off season vegetable cultivation refers to the production of fresh vegetables outside of their typical cropping cycle, i.e. when supply is low and prices are high. The concept of off-season vegetable growing is new to the growers, and they don’t know everything there is to know about it.

How can off season vegetable cultivation be carried out?

Under the plastic sheet, the farmer must ensure that the plant they are producing has the potential to self-pollinate. Land used for off-season vegetable production should be examined to determine the quality of the land for agricultural purposes. This is how off season vegetable cultivation can be carried out.

Why do farmers train to grow off-season vegetables?

It is likely that the training in off-season tomato production stimulated farmers’ interests in growing more vegetables, including other off-season vegetables. It is also possible that farmers applied what they had learned in the training to other crops. Table 4 compares the average gross margin for the ten most widely cultivated kharif crops.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of off season vegetable production?

Apart from advantages there are some disadvantages of off season vegetable production like: The production cost of vegetables is higher. It requires more money to construct the plastic houses. It requires expensive seeds. It is possible on commercial scale, only in areas where marketing is not a problem. It requires regular supervision.

Why is off season production important?

However, off-season production may increase pesticide risk if crops are more affected by pests and diseases and farmers do not handle pesticides correctly.

Why are my tomatoes not growing in the kharif season?

Most tomato varieties are not well adapted to hot and humid tropical conditions that characterize the kharif season. Flowers tend to drop under heat stress, thereby reducing fruit set and yield. High humidity and heavy rainfall can lead to more problems with pests and diseases, particularly fungal diseases and physiological disorders.

How does inverse probability work?

Inverse probability weighting ( Wooldridge, 2007, Imbens, 2004) uses the inverse of the propensity score variable as weights in calculating the average value of the outcome variable. Different from propensity score matching, inverse probability weighting does not match trained with non-trained households. Households with a low predicted probability of participating in the training receive a lower weight, while those with a high predicted probability receive a higher weight. The basic idea is that a household with a low predicted probability of getting the training, but that was actually trained, will represent a larger group of households that did not receive the training, and thus get a higher weight in calculating the average. The average treatment effect is then calculated as the difference between the weighted averages of trained and non-trained households.

What are the topics covered in the tomato training?

Training topics included healthy seedling production (preparation of potting mixtures for raising seedlings, double transplanting, and use of plastic plug trays), cultivation techniques (field preparation, rain shelter construction and crop management), and pest and disease management through integrated pest management (IPM). Nearly all topics included hands-on practice sessions. Trainees visited existing off-season tomato farmers and tomato nurseries. After the training, farmers received 3 g of quality seed (BARI Hybrid Tomato-4) and partial input support for the purchase of plastic sheets, bamboo, jute and nylon ropes, plant growth regulators (hormones), nets, fertilizers and pesticides to an equivalent of 10,000 Taka (USD 130). These inputs were enough for growing 2 decimals (81 m 2) of off-season tomato, though farmers were free to plant a larger acreage if they wanted. Farmers received no regular support in the second year; data from that year were therefore used for this study.

Why did the Kharif project staff visit farmers?

When farmers had problems with pests and diseases, the project staff would come and advise them how to deal with it. Most farmers had cellphones and could easily contact project staff for advice. Trained farmers were encouraged to share their knowledge and skills with their peers.

What is the agricultural season in South Asia?

The agricultural cropping season in South Asia is generally divided into two main seasons as determined by the South Asian monsoon. The kharif season—often referred to as spring, summer, rainy or simply monsoon season—is characterized by high temperatures, high rainfall and high humidity.

How did off season tomato training help farmers?

We also observed that farmers benefitted from better crop management practices such as planting bed preparation and drainage, fertilization, and adopted other off-season vegetables. The follow-up visits in the first year were intensive and the farmers gained much agricultural know-how from the regular visits of experts, although we are unable to pinpoint precisely what new knowledge and consequent behavioral changes contributed to the higher income.

Why is off season vegetable cultivation important?

The main objective of off season vegetable cultivation is to produce and supply the vegetables to the market during their lean period.

What can farmers study?

Farmers can study particular vegetable production techniques, which expands their knowledge and enthusiasm in the field.

What are the problems with off season vegetables?

And it is necessary to know about that also: Lack of continuous support of improved technologies. There is also unavailability of proper of proper packaging materials.

Why should land used for off season vegetable production be examined?

Land used for off-season vegetable production should be examined to determine the quality of the land for agricultural purposes.

Why should the market demand for vegetables be considered and grown correspondingly?

In order to get a better profit margin, the market demand for the vegetable should be considered and grown correspondingly.

Why is the production cost of vegetables higher?

The production cost of vegetables is higher. It requires more money to construct the plastic houses. It requires expensive seeds. It is possible on commercial scale, only in areas where marketing is not a problem. It requires regular supervision. It requires skilled knowledge than the normal season production.

What is the backbone of Indian economy?

Agriculture is considered as the backbone of Indian Economy. It plays a strategic role in the process of economic development. As per the Economic Survey 2017- 2018, the agriculture sector has contributed about 16% to Indian GDP at current prices.

Why are tunnels used for farming?

Tunnels help to gain maximum crop yield, to maintain the fertility of land and control on temperature.

Can vegetables grow in tunnels?

Growing of vegetables in tunnels under plastic can give superior yields and early spring production. Following crops are high value vegetables and have shown significant increase in earliness:

Is Pakistan exporting vegetables?

Pakistan is not yet exporting vegetables due to their perishable nature, although there is huge demand in international market. The facility of growing off-season vegetables also allows for growing non-conventional varieties and vegetables, which are in high demand in Europe, Middle East and Far Eastern countries.

What crops are in season in July?

In July, the harvest continues, but more planting for fall crops is in order. Cabbages, carrots, turnips, cauliflower and broccoli are all finishing up production. Potatoes, snap beans, cucumbers, and summer squash are in full swing. Melons, peppers, sweet corn and tomatoes start to come in.

What crops are ready to harvest in June?

In June, harvest is the name of the game with early crops like snap beans, cabbage, collards, chard, carrots, broccoli, endives, cauliflower, lettuce (head/leaf, depending on how you staggered them), green onions, peas, late spinach, turnips, and beets all being ready. If you have the space, keep sowing more cucumbers, snap beans and sweet corn to lengthen your harvest.

What vegetables can be planted in March?

Many cold-tolerant vegetables can be planted in March, including cabbage, broccoli, endive, cauliflower, head lettuce, potatoes, radishes, onions, peas, spinach, turnips and beets. In April, more can be planted like collard, chard, carrots, leaf lettuce, salsify, and onion sets. Some of the things planted in mid-March may also be ready for harvest, …

How many seasons can you plant in a zone?

Although not every zone allows year-round gardening, most allow at least three seasons’ worth and some allow part of a fourth. To take advantage of this, you’ll need to spread out your planting of some crops (planting new seeds every couple of weeks), while other crops you will plant once in the spring and then replant again in mid-season.

What vegetables are ready to plant in May?

This month, most traditional gardening begins and things like snap and lima beans, cucumbers, eggplants, melons, peppers, okra, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, sweet corn, summer and winter squash, and tomatoes are ready to go in.

When is the best time to harvest lima beans?

As the leaves begin to turn and the weather gets less predictable, fall is in. The traditional harvest time, everything that didn’t finish in August will be finishing in September and October. You’ll be continuing to harvest lima beans, cucumbers, eggplant, peppers, sweet corn, squash and tomatoes. Winter squash and pumpkins will come in as well. …

What to plant in August bushel basket?

Eggplants may start to come in and watermelons are likely ripening now as well. Peppers, okra, onions, sweet corn, summer squash, and tomatoes are also overwhelming your bushel baskets this month. You can replant radishes, lettuce, kale, spinach, turnips and beets.

What is vegetable production?

Coauthor of Vegetable Production. Vegetable farming, growing of vegetable crops, primarily for use as human food. The term vegetable in its broadest sense refers to any kind of plant life or plant product; in the narrower sense, as used in this article, however, it refers to the fresh, edible portion of a herbaceous plant consumed in …

How is vegetable farming profitable?

Profitable vegetable farming requires attention to all production operations, including insect, disease, and weed control and efficient marketing. The kind of vegetable grown is mainly determined by consumer demands, which can be defined in terms of variety, size, tenderness, flavour, freshness, and type of pack. Effective management involves the adoption of techniques resulting in a steady flow of the desired amount of produce over the whole of the natural growing season of the crop. Many vegetables can be grown throughout the year in some climates, although yield per acre for a given kind of vegetable varies according to the growing season and region where the crop is produced.

What are the three main types of vegetable farming?

In technologically developed countries the three main types of vegetable farming are based on production of vegetables for the fresh market, for canning, freezing, dehydration, and pickling, and to obtain seeds for planting.

What is market gardening?

Market gardening produces assorted vegetables for a local market. The development of good roads and of motor trucks has rapidly extended available markets; the market gardener, no longer forced to confine his operations to his local market, often is able to specialize in the production of a few, rather than an assortment, of vegetables; a transformation that provides the basis for a distinction between market and truck gardening in the mid-20th century. Truck gardens produce specific vegetables in relatively large quantities for distant markets.

How do truck gardens produce vegetables?

In the method known as forcing, vegetables are produced out of their normal season of outdoor production under forcing structures that admit light and induce favourable environmental conditions for plant growth.

How much land is needed for a family of six?

Home gardening provides vegetables exclusively for family use. About one-fourth of an acre (one-tenth of a hectare) of land is required to supply a family of six. The most suitable vegetables are those producing a large yield per unit of area.

What are the structures used in hydroponics?

Greenhouses, cold frames, and hotbeds are common structures used. Hydroponics, sometimes called soilless culture, allows the grower to practice automatic watering and fertilizing, thus reducing the cost of labour.

Crops for the off season

Mixed containers are a staple item among greenhouse growers during peak flower season. But, they can be equally important after the traditional sales window ends. Newman recommends always having a few large mixed containers ready to sell.

Challenges with new crops

Before adding any new crop to your greenhouse, consider the challenges that may arise. There is a good chance that the pests and diseases that impact annual flowers will be different from those pressures that affect vegetable or herb crops.

Tips for getting started

Don’t be discouraged by challenges. Consider the challenges to be new opportunities that can significantly increase your revenue. For successful entry into a new crop, Newman recommends the following tips.