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Tag: What is polyhouse cultivation and how does it work

how to make polyhouse farming

how to make polyhouse farming插图

Why do farmers prefer Polyhouse farming over traditional farming?

Each of the farmers are going towards the cultivation of farming in the polyhouse because of more income (profit) and every farmer can cultivate plants during the year without relying on environmental factors as well as farmers most of the issues like crop pests and diseases in polyhouse growing. Because control is in our hand.

What is polyhouse cultivation and how does it work?

Polyhouse cultivation is an innovation of agriculture where farmers can carry on their farming activities in a suitable environment by controlling the factors responsible. This knowledgeable method helps shell farmers extract numerous benefits, which we will see further in this article.

What are the crops grown in poly houses?

In polyhouse farming, vegetables like colored capsicum are being grown on a large scale. In India, flowers like carnation, roses, gerbera and some other flowers are being grown in poly houses. The crop selection depends on the poly house location, nearest market, and demand for produce. Poly house farming requires skilled monitoring and precision.

What is the size of a polyhouse?

The size of a polyhouse varies from small-sized houses to industrial-sized buildings to cater to the additional polyhouse farming requirements based on the needs and resources. Polyhouse farming is quite economical when compared to polycarbonate and glass covering structures.

What is the difference between a greenhouse and a polyhouse?

Difference Between Polyhouse Production and Greenhouse Production:- Well, polyhouse is one kind of greenhouses made from polyethylene on the other hand greenhouse is a wide term. With timber, it is called as Lath house and with Glass, it is known as a greenhouse.

What is polyhouse production?

What is a Polyhouse Production:- Polyhouse Production is a widely recognized farming method that is generally made of transparent polyethylene sheets which are thin, inexpensive, and flexible creating an indoor independently controlled environment. In polyhouse, a farmer could grow veggies and any other harvest in almost any given season in …

What crops can be grown in polyhouse?

Suitable Crops for Polyhouse Production:- Normally, veggies like Spinach, Green Chillies, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd, Bitter Gourd, Sponge Gourd, Cucumber, Summer squash, Brinjal (Eggplant), Green beans or French Beans, Tomatoes, Bell peppers, Okra ( ladies finger ), and horticulture cut blossoms like Rose, Gerbera etc are all cultivated in polyhouse. The environment in polyhouse provides more secure and regulated or suitable conditions to grow plants when compared to open field harvest Farming.

How to keep polyhouse cool?

In winters, the temperature could be maintained by solar driven devices. Apart from this couple manual functions can also be undertaken, for example, covering the northern wall of the house with jute clothing and covering the entire polyhouse with jute fabric during nights. Running water-misting is one method to cool the inside temperature. By removing internal air and sucking outside air through installed fans. Or, by installing heaters at eastern or western side walls will lower temperatures and maintains humidity too.

How to grow polyhouse plants?

Growing Plants of Polyhouse Production:- The grower has to have a definite polyhouse flooring space dimensions and specifications to plan a strategy of things to grow, in which to develop, and the amount of to grow. Prepare a location for toddlers for seed germination, ideally should be warmer space that will be bright or a heated propagator unit in the polyhouse. This helps seeds to germinate well especially in winters. Use clean seedbeds and trays with new multipurpose compost. Young se edlings that are grown sturdy and well-rooted must be transplanted to the prepared soil beds for their final positions. The distance between plants to plant must be optimum, must not be too densely planting and not too much to squander the floor area. Water will hit directly to the root zone without much water wastage. Provide aid or trellis if vine plants are planted for proper growth. Pruning activities have to be carried at the right time such as pinching of side-shoots will encourage the growth of side branches and leading to additional fruits.

What is polyhouse farming?

Polyhouse brought a revolution in the agriculture sector to produce vegetables, fruits, grains, herbs and flowers in the off-season. With the progression in agriculture, different kinds of in-house/Polyhouse Production practices suitable for a particular kind of agro-climatic zone have risen. Among these In-house farming practices includes, poly …

Why is polyhouse important?

Polyhouse is the simplest practical approach for accomplishing the aims of guaranteed horticulture, where frequent habitat conditions are changed by utilizing noise designing criteria to accomplish ideal plant growth and yield. After the strategy of the green revolution, more attempts are laid on quality in addition to quantity in the production of agricultural products. This could be achieved while the environment for your crop expansion is fairly controlled. India is self-reliant on food grain production and also stands second in vegetable production in the world. But we’re lacking behind in nutritional security and vegetable per capita. If the one-hectare property is cultivated under polyhouse conditions, the annual production will get an increase greater than 85 percent. Young farmers need to conform to new technologies and new farming techniques such as hydroponics, greenhouse Farming, along with other intensive Farming to improve the harvest productivity giving additional income each property unit area.

What is Polyhouse farming?

A polyhouse or intensive greenhouse is a multi-levelled farming structure designed for commercial-scale vegetable production. While polyhouses can produce any crop, they are mostly used for growing vegetables and other fruits and herbs. These greenhouses allow farmers to grow crops throughout the year without having to worry about adverse weather conditions such as cold winter nights or periods of drought. A typical polyhouse will be made up of rows of shelves that hold trays upon which plants are grown.

How to Start Polyhouse?

For many gardeners, setting up and maintaining their own polyhous is less expensive than purchasing plants at retail outlets or by mail order; they can use quality potting soil or seed-starting mix ; they know exactly what types of plants are growing in their crops.

How to make a small polyhouse?

You can use something as simple as cardboard and duct tape or more permanent if you have time and money. The best materials will be wood, but there are other options that can work just as well. How you build your polyhouse is completely up to you, so play around with it until you find something that works for your particular situation.

How to Control the temperature in polyhouse?

There are three main factors of heat stress in plants: wet bulb temperature, dry bulb temperature and wind speed. Plants must be protected from any one of these or they will begin to lose water through transpiration (evaporation) and wilt.

How many days it will take for poly house construction?

A typical poly-house can be built in 15 days . The first 5 days are used for designing and making a cutting pattern, other 10 days for construction. In different areas, farmers start by cutting flooring and rooftop first, or roof first and then flooring, or wall framing and roofing at the same time. It all depends on local conditions such as road conditions, soil quality etc., etc., so it may vary from place to place. But general construction time is estimated at about 15days.

How much amount is needed to open a poly house?

25,000. On average though, a minimum investment of Rs. 1 lakh is needed if you wish to keep up with market standards for running multiple crops every year on your farm.

How much land require for poly house farming?

The size of your poly house will depend on how much agricultural land you want to farm. The bigger your house, the more area you can farm, and vice versa. If you don’t have enough money for large poly houses (e.g., 150×30 feet), building many smaller ones (e.g., 10×15 feet) may be an option for you.

What are Poly Houses?

A polyhouse is a type of specialized structure that utilizes the controlled climate condition for the growth of different plants and other farming needs. We use polythene sheets to cover the structure and separate the internal environment from that of the outside.

What is the cost of Polyhouse ?

Polyhouse cost is 844 Rs. Per Sqm. This Price decided by National Horticulture Board (NHB)

How do polyhouses help the economy?

If invested properly and managed well, these polyhouses can become your next big earning markets. They provide a convenient and more controlled way of farming so consequently; they have relatively low risk as compared to traditional farming. The need is to focus on training farmers to changes their traditional ways which will not only help them yield higher profits but will also boost up our economy. If utilized properly, polyhouse farming can get us enough yield to boost our agricultural exports.

What is the difference between a polyhouse and a greenhouse?

Today we will make this clear and put this confusion to rest. A polyhouse is essentially a greenhouse. It can also be regarded as a type of greenhouse.

What is polyhouse structure?

A polyhouse is a type of specialized structure that utilizes the controlled climate condition for the growth of different plants and other farming needs. We use polythene sheets to cover the structure and separate the internal environment from that of the outside.

What is polyhouse farming?

Polyhouse farming is becoming the new norm of irrigation. It solved the biggest problems related to farming including those of desert farming as well as low water supply solutions.

What are the advantages of fertilizer?

Quality and Quantity Advantages 1 There is more control over pests and insects are your crops are less prone to lose due to them. 2 The quality of the crop is relatively much higher. 3 External environmental factors have little or no effect on the crops. Crops have a more favorable environment available for growth which eventually translates into higher profits. 4 Fertilizer application becomes much easier, you can even use automated systems to makes sure each plant is getting a definite amount of fertilizer for optimum growth. 5 Reduced cropping period helps farmers to get 2 or 3 corps per year. 6 Polyhouse can have more efficient drainage and aeration mechanisms. 7 More production of CO2 in a polyhouse is useful for plant growth.

How much does a poly house produce?

Various research trials conducted at agro-research centers in northern India that indicates that tomato (November planting) capsicum ( planted in mid-September) and cucumber (planting –mid-October) under poly house produced 1550 kg, 1500 kg and 1100 kg per 100 square meters. The duration of these vegetable crops was 4 to 10 months and more than 90% of total yield were obtained during the off-season (during winter before the start of summer) which fetches higher market price (2-4 times than normal season price).

What are the crops grown in poly houses?

In polyhouse farming, vegetables like colored capsicum are being grown on a large scale. In India, flowers like carnation, roses, gerbera and some other flowers are being grown in poly houses. The crop selection depends on the poly house location, nearest market, and demand for produce. Polyhouse flower farming.

How long does it take to get back investment in polyhouse?

It is possible to get back the initial investment on polyhouse within a period of 4 to 5 years. If a cultivator/entrepreneurs go for polyhouse for nursery production of high yielding vegetable plants / Flower plants in an area where large scale vegetable/flower cultivation is done, in such situation he can get back his investment back within 2 to 3 years by providing quality planting materials to flower growers vegetable.

Is polyhouse better than open field farming?

Bottom Line: Polyhouse cultivation is 100 times better than open field farming. you can expect excellent returns in polyhouse farming. You may also like Growing Vegetables in Hydroponics.

Can you harvest a single crop year round?

Therefore, it is possible to harvest a single crop round year with minimum additional applications and inputs and higher returns can be generated. Further, Cut Flowers like Gerbera, Rose, Carnations, Lilly, Antherium, and Orchids can be grown under poly houses / Net houses giving high profits and top quality produce.

Why are farmers going towards farming in polyhouse?

Each of the farmers are going towards the cultivation of farming in the polyhouse because of more income (profit) and every farmer can cultivate plants during the year without relying on environmental factors as well as farmers most of the issues like crop pests and diseases in polyhouse growing.

What is the difference between a polyhouse and a greenhouse?

Greenhouse and Polyhouse are protected constructions for cultivation of particular plants. The greenhouse is made of with similar kind of glass, once the plants are growing it’s termed as a greenhouse. Polyhouse is made from polyethylene material.

Why do poly houses have natural ventilation?

This sort of poly house will have natural ventilation and Fogger system to stop pests and diseases attack. The aim of naturally ventilated polyhouse is to guard the plants from adverse climate conditions. We can’t have control the completed environmental system. But cost of polyhouse I little less as compared with environmental Control Polyhouse.

What does poly house mean?

Meaning of the poly house itself in the name because we do have completed environment control in our hand also during this kind of polyhouse system, crops are grown round the year by where we have to provide controlled environment system like temperature, fertilizer automation, humidity ,Co2, and rooting medium.

What is a low tech poly house?

Basically construction of this low tech poly house is developed with local material like bamboo, wood and tree branches (like coconuts branches) to protect it from very harmful Ultra Violet (UV) ray that why we can used this as covering material. Bu again this low tech polyhouse only is suitable for winter climatic conditions. If you are looking for to control humidity and Temperature for that you will have to used green shade net which cost extra money*

Why is it compulsory to grow plants during the year?

To satisfy the growing population of food along with other needs, it’s compulsory to grow plants during the year without relying on external weather conditions . You can avail authorities’ strategies for polyhouse subsidy in many states of India.

What is the total cost of 70% subsidy?

Example if Government gives 70% Subsidy then Total Cost = 5160000*70% = 3612000 will given to you as subsidy where rest of the remaining amount 1548000 has to be pay from your pockets.

Which crops are grown in polyhouse?

Crows that are profitable and cannot be cultivated in a normal open-air environment are mostly cultivated in Polyhouse.

Which is the most profitable crop in polyhouse?

Crops such as strawberries, Gherkins, Broccoli, Cherry tomato, Yellow and Red capsicum, Orchids, Gerbera, Lettuce, Red and Chinese Cabbage are highly profitable to cultivate in Polyouses.

What’s the most expensive crop to grow?

Orchids and Exotic fruits and vegetables are most expensive crops to grow.

What is poly house farming?

Cultivating crops in specific less sunlight conditions is known as Polyhouse farming.