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Tag: What is silk farmingsericulture

how to start sericulture farming in india

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What is sericulture in India?

Sericulture in India is an agro-based or cottage industry that rears silkworms for silk manufacturing. The process of Sericulture farming involves the following two activities: Cultivation of Mulberry trees, as a feed to the caterpillar. Reeling of cocoons to extract the silk filament. 4. Business Of Sericulture In India

What is silk farming/sericulture?

What Is Silk Farming/Sericulture? Sericulture in India is an agro-based or cottage industry that rears silkworms for silk manufacturing. The process of Sericulture farming involves the following two activities: Cultivation of Mulberry trees, as a feed to the caterpillar.

What are the main tasks of sericulture?

The sericulture involves the tasks like silkworm feed cultivation, spin silk cocoons, reeling the cocoons and unwinding the silk filament for processing and weaving.

How much does it cost to start sericulture?

The investment to start sericulture would be up to 14,000 excluding the land and rearing places cost. This estimation is for the cultivation of both mulberry and rearing of the silkworm in an acre of land which is irrigated.

What is seriaculture in India?

Sericulture in India is an agro-based or cottage industry that rears silkworms for silk manufacturing. The process of Sericulture farming involves the following two activities: Cultivation of Mulberry trees, as a feed to the caterpillar. Reeling of cocoons to extract the silk filament. 4.

What is the history of silk production?

Silk production in India is one of the oldest and still functional businesses. Indians started producing silk from the 15th century itself. India is the second-largest producer of silk in the world, the first being China.

When was sericulture introduced?

Ans- Sericulture in India was introduced in AD 140 by the Byzantine Empire. Silk farming began by the 6th century AD around the world via the smuggling of silkworm eggs.

What is the most important element to start a business?

Land: This is the most important element to start the business. This is where the Mulberry leaves are grown as a feed for silkworms.

What equipment is used to rear silkworms?

Rearing equipment : These are the equipments that are used to rear silkworms. They are rearing beds, mountages, chopping boards, etc.

Which state produces the most silk?

Some of the largest silk producing states in India are: Karnataka. Andhra Pradesh. Assam.

Which country produces all types of silk?

Eri Silk. Muga Silk. India is the only country that produces all five types of commercial silk. Hence, considering the history, demand, and the size of the Indian silk industry, let’s see in detail how to start a sericulture farming business in India and what are the various initiatives taken by the Government to boost the industry.

How much is vanya silk reduced?

Similarly, vanya silk, which includes Tasar, Eri and Muga silks, have reduced by 13.8%, 3.7% and 0.8%, respectively during 2020-21 over 2019-20. The area under mulberry has reduced by 0.8% in 2020-21 compared to previous year. (2.38 lakh ha.) indicating a reduction of 7.4%.

How long has India been in the silk trade?

India has a rich and complex history in silk production and its silk trade which dates back to 15th century. Sericulture industry provides employment to approximately 8.7 million persons in rural and semi-urban areas in India. Of these, a sizeable number of workers belong to the economically weaker sections of society, including women. India’s traditional and culture bound domestic market and an amazing diversity of silk garments that reflect geographic specificity has helped the country to achieve a leading position in silk industry.

How much silk will be produced in 2020?

The total raw silk production in the country during 2020-21 was 33,739 MT, which was 5.8% lesser than the production achieved during the previous year 2019-20 and registered around 86.5% of achievement against the annual silk production target for the year 2020-21.

What is silk textile?

Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment …

Which states produce mulberry?

Mulberry sericulture is mainly practised in five states namely, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Assam and Bodoland, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Tamil Nadu are major silk producing states in the country. North East has the unique distinction of being the only region producing four varieties of silk viz., Mulberry, Oak Tasar, Muga and Eri.

Which country produces the most silks?

India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five known commercial silks, namely, mulberry, tropical tasar, oak tasar, eri and muga, of which muga with its golden yellow glitter is unique and prerogative of India.

Is sericulture an agriculture allied activity?

Sericulture is included as agriculture allied activity under RKVY. This enables the sericulturists to avail the benefits of the scheme for the entire sericulture activities up to reeling.

What is the role of sericulture?

Sericulture has a great role in rural employment, poverty alleviation and earning foreign exchange. A lot of entrepreneurial opportunities are available in various fields of sericulture. It is practiced in various states viz., Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal and states like Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra have also started practicing Sericulture. The non- mulberry (also called Vanya silk) sericulture is practiced in Assam, Jharkhand, Orissa, and Madhya Pradesh. More than 7 million people are involved in sericulture activities. So, there is a necessity to upgrade the skills of the Seri culturists to use the full potentialities of sericulture to produce qualitatively superior cocoons and to earn profitable income.

What is sericulture in textiles?

Sericulture is an agro-based industry. It involves the cultivation of host plants and rearing of silkworms to produce cocoon to produce raw silk. The sericulture involves the tasks like silkworm feed cultivation, spin silk cocoons, reeling the cocoons and unwinding the silk filament for processing and weaving. Silk for its best qualities like luxury, elegance, class, and comfort it called as the “Queen of Textiles”.As per the Chinese literature, the Chinese Empress ShilingTi discovered it in her teacup. It has defeated all the natural and artificial fibers and remained the undisputed “Queen of Textiles” for centuries. Silk has been part of the life and culture of the Indians. Though India is producing all varieties of silk products such as dress materials, scarves/stoles, readymade garments, etc., the silk sarees are truly unique.

What is the best source of income for weaker sections of society?

The best source of income for weaker sections of the society: Sericulture can be practiced even with very low land holding (0.75 acres of mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can support a family of three without hiring labor).

How long does it take for mulberry to grow?

Sericulture needs Low Investment and High Returns: Mulberry takes only six months to grow for the commencement of silkworm rearing. For this unit, you need a minimum investment of only Rs.13,000 to 16,000 (excluding the cost of land and silkworm rearing house) is enough to undertake mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land. Mulberry that place once can support silkworm rearing for 15-20 years depending on the management. You can easily take five crops in one year under tropical conditions. By adopting the recommended package of practices, a farmer can attain net income levels up to Rs.30,000 per acre per annum.

How long is the mechanization course in sericulture?

Mechanization in Sericulture and maintenance of machinery and equipment’s: This course duration is 4 days. The course includes Need and scope of mechanization in sericulture, hands-on training on maintenance and repair of various equipment’s and machines

How long is soil analysis?

Soil analysis: This course duration is 5 days, Soil fertility management, collection of soil samples, micronutrient deficiency, Use of Vipul, Seriboost, Tria-cantanol, Balanced use of chemical fertilizers.

Is sericulture a good source of employment?

High Rate of Employment: Sericulture is the best source of employment. It is astonishing to know that sericulture industry is providing gainful employment to more than 60 lakh persons every year in our country. This sector employs one man throughout the year for producing every 3.07 kg of silk produced and used in handlooms. This potential is very high, and no other industry generates this kind of employment, especially in rural areas. It is because of this reason that sericulture is practiced as a tool for rural reconstruction. ”

What is the late age worm?

Late Age Worm Rearing: If the rearing of the silkworm is done from the third instar stage to the fifth instar stage, then that kind of rearing is called late age worm rearing.

What are the women involved in sericulture?

There are various sections involved in sericulture which includes management of the mulberry garden, harvesting of leaves, rearing the silkworms, weaving which can be done by women. Approximately 58% of the employees in sericulture are women. The farmers which have fewer lands can also start sericulture.

What temperature should silkworms be?

The environmental conditions should be proper while rearing the silkworm and proper care has to be taken. The temperature should be between 24 – 27 degrees Celsius with relative humidity between 84% to 85%.

What is the caterpillar of silkworms?

There are many species of silkworms, which are used for commercial purpose, but the caterpillar of the silkworm, which is domesticated (also called as Bombyx Mori) is the silkworm which is widely in use .

How long does it take for mulberry to grow?

For growing and to start the rearing of the silkworm, mulberry takes half a year and once the plantation is done, mulberry would be able to support at least five to six crops in a year, that too in tropical climatic conditions. So, if the management is good, this rearing can be up to 15 years.

How many members of a family can a silkworm support?

The farmers which have fewer lands can also start sericulture. If the silkworm is reared in approximately 3/4th of the land, then it would support three members in the family and for rearing, there is no requirement to hire someone.

How much would a farmer get back from a sericulture?

The farmers would get back a gross value of approximately 55% . The sericulture farmers are categorized into several sections like reelers, weavers, cocoon growers, traders. Hence, most of the income which is generated from the sericulture will be going back to the villages.

What is the science behind silk?

The science behind silk production comes under applied zoology, called Sericulture. It involves the cultivation of mulberry to produce leaf, rearing of silkworm to convert leaf to cocoon, reeling of the cocoon to obtain silk yarn and weaving to convert yarn to fabrics. In this article, let us explore the world of silk.

What are the different types of silkworms?

The following are the different types of silkworms. Mulberry Silkworm Bombyx mori is a domesticated silkworm, feeds on mulberry leaves belonging to the Moraceae family. The worms produce long, continuous silk filament which is white or light yellow in colour. The silk has good commercial value.

How long do silkworms live in bamboo trays?

Silkworms feed on the mulberry leaves and grow in size. Along with mulberry leaves the silkworms are kept in clean bamboo trays for about 25 ? 30 days. After a period of time, the cocoon is formed with a silk fibre and the caterpillar develops into a silk moth.

How many eggs do silkworms lay?

The rearing of silkworms begins with the laying of eggs by female silk moths. One single female silk moth produces 300 ? 500 eggs. The eggs are collected and disinfected with the help of a 2 % formalin solution. The eggs are kept in favourable conditions under suitable temperature.

Why is silkworm important?

Silkworm is used as a tool for genetic and biotechnological studies. Silkworm gives products that are used as human medicines. All the sericultural activities are village-based and hence prevent migration of people from rural to urban areas in search of jobs.

Why is sericulture important?

Importance of Sericulture. Sericulture is an agro based rural industry with large labour involvement and higher income generation potential. It is suitable for small and marginal farmers also. Silk is an expensive commodity used mostly by the affluent society, transfer of money from rich to poor is ensured.

Where are cocoons found?

Cocoons are yellow, light yellow, purple, brown, gray in color. These silkworms are found in Godavari river belt of Andhra Pradesh. The silk is highly valued for its quality.

What is the sericulture and sericulture industry?

Sericulture is the industry in which silk is traded, and it is one of the major sectors of Indian industries as it provides the Employment to approximately to 8.25 million persons in rural and semi-urban areas in India as of 2015-2016 estimate.

What are the four varieties of silk in India?

Northeast region is the only unique that produces four varieties of silk which are Mulberry, Oak Tasar, Muga and Eri. India’s total silk production out …

Why is sericulture important?

High Employment oriented – Sericulture provides the opportunity for rural peoples to work in the fields and to produce high quality best brand. It also helps in alleviating poverty and reduce the creation of unemployment for creating a job for the youth and the non-working professional in the working age-group.

What is the seriaculture industry in India?

November 13, 2020 by Sheshan Pradhan. Silk is one of the most elegant textiles in the world popularly known as “Queen of Textiles” in the world over. It is a natural protein fibre. The best kind of silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity.

Why is silk considered a textile?

Silk is one of the most elegant textile due to the following reasons-. Unparallel grandeur. Natural Sheen. Inherent affinity for dyes. High absorbance. Lightweight. Soft-touch. High durability. Silk has been a part of the life and culture of Indians from ancient times.

Which country produces silk?

India is the only country where all types of silks are produced main of them being mulberry, tropical Tasar, Oak Tasar, Eri and Muga. Out of which much is known for its unique yellow glitter and is a prerogative to India. In India, mulberry sericulture is the major component, and it is practised in the five states, namely Andhra Pradesh, Assam, …

Is silkworm rearing a forest based activity?

Non-mulberry sericulture as forest-based activity enabling the farmers to undertake Vanya silkworm rearing in the natural host plantation in the forests is being implemented by amending the Forest Rights Act from time to time.

How to get information on sericulture in Assam?

Get information on Sericulture in Assam by the Assam Small Farmers’ Agri-Business Consortium. Users can get details about sericulture research and development and training institutions. Information on sericulture schemes, programmes, guide and statistics are given. Details about the Sericulture Department of Assam and reports on progress of sericulture are also available.

What is the Department of Sericulture in Jammu and Kashmir?

Department of Sericulture, Jammu and Kashmir promotes the development of sericulture industry in the state. Users can get detailed information about the functions and mandate of the Department. Central and state schemes related to sericulture are also provided. Contact details of the department officials and statistics are available.

What is Central Silk Board?

The Central Silk Board is a statutory body which functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. Users can access detailed information on silk-sericulture, services, schemes and Indian silk etc. Details of silk prices, silk export and imports are also given for the users.

When was woolfed established?

Himachal Pradesh State Wool Procurement and Marketing Federation Ltd. commonly known as "Woolfed" was established on 1988 and registered with Registrar Cooperative Societies, Government of Himachal Pradesh for the upliftment of sheep breeders of the State.