100% returns in profit
Plantain has been recognized as one of the most lucrative farm products in Nigeria,capable of yielding100% returns in profit. Not only does it serve as a major staple,but it can also be made into snacks as well. What’s more,several bakery and food production firms are relying heavily on plantain to serve various purposes.
How to start a plantain farm in Nigeria?
Depending on the level of your investment, you can engage an expert to help you to write a feasibility note and a business plan. You can write your business plan yourself by going around to ask for information and data about plantain farming in Nigeria and the marketability.
Do you know how to cultivate plantain efficiently?
Cultivating plantain the way our forefathers did it is likely to make you lose your investment. A lot of plantain farmers in Nigeria do not know how to cultivate plantain efficiently. They just dig holes and plant.
How often do you water plantain plants in Nigeria?
With drip irrigation,, your plantain plants can get water all year round. Most plantain farmers in Nigeria cultivate this crop in the rainy season. Their plantain plants get only 5-6 months of rainfall.
What is the best irrigation system for plantain farming?
Drip irrigation or trickle irrigation is the best form of irrigation for plantain farming and indeed most crops. With drip irrigation,, your plantain plants can get water all year round. Most plantain farmers in Nigeria cultivate this crop in the rainy season. Their plantain plants get only 5-6 months of rainfall.
What Is Plantain Farming?
Plantain farming is the complete cultivation process of plantain, from the clearing of the farmland to the planting of the plantain stokers to the final harvesting of the plantain fruit.
What is plantain in Nigeria?
In Nigeria, plantain is a special delicacy prepared by frying, boiling, steaming or remaking into plantain chips or flour.
How much plantain is consumed in the world?
Globally, the world consumes about 40 million metric tons of plantain annually. With Nigeria being the highest consumer of plantain in the world.
How long does it take for plantains to grow?
It takes about 10 to 15 months without freezing temperatures to produce flowers and another four to eight months to grow plantains .
How long do plantains live in Nigeria?
In the tropical rain forest parts of Nigeria, organical fertile soils are shallow. Plantains would thrive for one to three years but then die back because the layer of organic matter is quickly depleted.
What are plantains like?
Plantains look like giant bananas. They are technically fruits but can be eaten and cooked as vegetables. Plantains are the less sweet, more starchy equivalent to the banana.
What is the best soil for plantain farming?
Loamy soil is the best soil for plantain farming, and this is because it contains an excellent organic to inorganic ratio. Organic materials, such as decayed plants and insects, provide soil air, nutrients and water-retaining capacity. These ingredients, when combined with mineral particles, allows the soil to remain loose and fertile.
What is a sucker plant?
Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about four feet high.
How high should a plantain tree be?
They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about four feet high. There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation.
What is the best soil for plantain farming?
Loamy soils are the best producing soils for plantain farming because they contain a good organic to inorganic ratio. Organic materials, such as decaying plants and insects, provide soil with air, nutrients and water-retaining matter.
Why is it important to keep plantains well watered?
As the plantain grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the plantain dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil.
Why do plantains grow best in groups?
Clear the land and cut some of the trees if any, Plantain plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the plantain plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them.
How long do plantains live in Nigeria?
In tropical rain forests part of Nigeria, organically rich soils are shallow. Plantains will thrive for one to three years but then die back because the layer of organic matter is easily depleted.
What are the main sources of carbohydrates in Africa?
In Africa, plantains and bananas provide more than 25 percent of the carbohydrate requirements for over 700 million people. plantains, thrive in tropical regions where the warm temperature, bright sun and adequate moisture create optimum growing environments.
How long should plantain suckers be?
Your plantain suckers should be 4-5 feet long. While planting the suckers, keep a distance of about 8-10 feet before planting the next sucker. Ensure that the soil is moderately wet.
What is the best form of irrigation for plantain farming?
Drip irrigation or trickle irrigation is the best form of irrigation for plantain farming and indeed most crops especially when the planting is done during the last months of the rainy season.
What are the labor activities that farmers do?
Depending on the size of your farm, you might have to hire laborers to carry out farming activities such as: land preparation, planting of plantain suckers, weeding, and harvesting.
How long does it take for plantains to produce?
Within 8 to 12 months your plantain should be ready to produce, and as one is getting matured for harvest, another one is replacing it, they continue in that circle removing any stress expenses of planting again. All you do is to harvest and reap your profits all year round. Harvesting is done as soon as the plantain starts to ripen but it can also be harvested when they are still unripe especially when there will be days between harvesting and marketing.
What can you process to make more money?
Plantain processing can be an added source of making more money. You can process plantain to the following products: Plantain flour, Plantain chips, Plantain porridge etc.
Why is constant weeding necessary?
Weed and other unwanted plants compete for the nutrient of the soil with the plantain plant, therefore constant weeding is required.
How to market plantains?
Go around and ask questions about plantain marketing, make contacts with reputable companies that would need it as raw material for their products, and seek partnerships with prospective customers
What do you need to grow plantains?
To cultivate plantain, you need plantain suckers. Plantain suckers are smaller plants that grow from a mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. There are three major types of plantain suckers namely Maidenheads, Sword suckers and Water suckers but they are all good for planting.
How long does it take for a plantain to mature?
Plantains take anywhere between 8-9 months to reach maturity and produce the first set of plantain bunches. When the plantain fruits fully develop, harvest your matured plantain and take it to market. Kindly note that it is better to harvest plantains when they are matured but still unripe.
What is a bootstrap?
Bootstrapping simply refers to a practice where a business owner; in this case the plantain farm owner is responsible for the full financing of the farm. Typically, people who bootstrap must have had another source of income and saved up enough money to start the farm.
How to farm plantains?
You need to clear the bushes, remove trees, stumps and shrubs to make the soil tillable. After that, add the necessary manure and fertilizers to get the soil ready for planting. When preparing your land to cultivate plantains, make sure that you use a lot of organic manure.
What is plantain in Nigeria?
Have you ever considered plantain farming in Nigeria? Plantain is an edible fruit that is very popular in Nigeria. It is consumed in many forms including dodo (fried plantain), bole (roasted plantain and boiled plantain. Plantain can be consumed as a meal itself as in the case of boiled plantain, or it can be consumed as an appetizer as in the case of dodo. It is therefore not a surprise that plantain farming is very profitable in Nigeria as the demand is very high.
Why is it important to have a business plan for a plantain farm?
Business plans are important to businesses because they show the roadmap for a business . Creating a business plan for your farm will help you document your goals, your vision, your mission, your sustainability plan and other important business information.
Where can I sell plantains?
So, the local markets should be the first selling place where farmers want to sell their products. Some of the popular local markets where you can sell your produces include Mile 12 market in Lagos, Oyingbo Market in Lagos, Bodija Market in Ibadan, Nnewi Market in Anambra state and others.
What is the act of passing nutrients in form of soluble fertilizers to plants through the drip irrigation system?
Fertigation is the act of passing nutrients in form of soluble fertilizers to plants through the drip irrigation system.
What is the best way to water plantains?
Install drip irrigation. Drip irrigation or trickle irrigation is the best form of irrigation for plantain farming and indeed most crops. With drip irrigation,, your plantain plants can get water all year round. Most plantain farmers in Nigeria cultivate this crop in the rainy season.
What is plantain farming?
Plantain farming is the cultivation of plantain on a farm. It can be a very profitable farming venture in Nigeria.
What to do if you cannot manage your farm?
If you cannot manage your farm yourself, ensure you engage experts who are skilled in plantain farming. Do not be deceived to employing those who claim to be experts but who do not know anything about farming. This set of people are everywhere on the internet.
Why is the rain forest belt important?
Why rain forest belt? Plantain needs a lot of water in order to have a good yield. Rain forest and mangrove swamp zones of Nigeria receive more rainfall than all other climatic zones in the country.
Why do suckers have a clean culture?
A clean tissue cultured sucker is likely to give you increased yield because they do not have any diseases or pests that can impact their growth.
How to fill a hole in a garden?
The first rule is to get a lot of manure. When covering the hole you dig, you should not return the soil to the hole, instead use manure to fill up the hole.
What suckers are grown in Nigeria?
The three varieties planted in Nigeria include sword suckers, maidenhead, and water suckers . You can invest in any of the first two, they are very healthy and produce a high yield.
How long does it take for plantains to ripen?
Your plantain should be set for harvesting within 8 to 10 months. You should harvest the plantain once it begins to ripen. You must find buyers for your product before the harvesting season. Plantain is perishable so you cannot afford to leave it on the ground for too long.
What is a plantain sucker?
Plantain suckers are the equivalent of seeds that are planted to get plantain. You must have seen suckers at some point. They are the outgrowth you see on the bud that is at the base of the plantain plant. The suckers bear short narrow leaves and they are planted to get whole plantain plants.
How long should suckers be?
The suckers should typically be around 4 to 5 feet long and you should maintain between 8 t0 10 feet between each sucker. Before planting, the soil should be a bit wet but not waterlogged. Periodically, you should take out weeds from the farm. You will need manual labor to handle this process.
What do you need to be a plantain farmer?
If you are going to succeed as a plantain farmer, you need fertile farmland for cultivation. This means you should consider a soil that has all the necessary nutrients and satisfies the necessary conditions for plantain farming.
How many suckers does a plantain produce?
Usually, a plantain will produce between 6 and 8 suckers. This means that your 500 plants will produce 3000 suckers. If you sell each sucker at N200, you will make N600,000. This implies that your business will hit break-even in the first year.
What do Nigerians eat?
Like we stated above, Nigerians consume a lot of plantains. Plantain can be eaten in different forms including raw, eaten fried with rice or other foods, boiled, and as chips. These are just a few forms in which plantain can be eaten. This makes it clear that the demand for plantain far exceeds the supply in Nigeria.