Step 1: Identify your niche Step 2: Find the land Step 3: Get financed Step 4: Planning a farmfor success Step 5: Marketing your farmand products
What is the first step to farm?
As with any long trip, your first step is to plan where you will go and how you will get there. The Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service (OCES) at Oklahoma State University has developed this resource guide to help beginning farmers understand the steps needed to achieve the dream of having their own farm.
How can I become a beginner farmer or rancher?
USDA can help and offers additional assistance to beginning farmers and ranchers. USDA considers anyone who has operated a farm or ranch for less than ten years to be a beginning farmer or rancher.
What’s in in this guide to starting a small farm?
What’s in this guide to starting a small farm? 1 The state of small farm business in the U.S.A. 2 Why do you want to start a small farm? 3 What to do if you’ve never farmed before 4 Identify your niche 5 Find the land 6 Get financed 7 Planning a farm for success 8 Marketing your farm and products 9 Resources for future farm business owners
Is your farm properly insured in Oklahoma?
Going over what pertains to your farm with your independent insurance agent will make certain you are properly covered. Your farm’s livestock needs to be healthy, not only to produce a bountiful livelihood but to also make sure your farm is staying within proper Oklahoma state laws.
What is pollution insurance?
Your pollution insurance should be an endorsement or additional policy on your farm insurance. It will provide coverage if you get sued as a result of pollution and will potentially pay for any cleanup of a pesticide or pollutant. But as with any insurance, if your intent was malicious in nature or harmful or careless, then your policy may void the claim and cancel coverage altogether.
What are the laws for livestock in Oklahoma?
In Oklahoma, there are regulations and laws that are to be followed concerning livestock disease reporting, prevention, and control. Oklahoma has Animal Disease Traceability regulations …
What is spoilage coverage?
There is also food poisoning coverage that protects the consumer if they get food poisoning from your product and sue your farm for damages.
How long does a farm insurance surcharge last?
Claims: Have you had prior farm claims? If so, your farm policy will most likely put a surcharge on your farm insurance to account for the loss for up to five years.
What are the Oklahoma food safety rules?
The Oklahoma Food Safety Rules was established to break down by category every type of food that can be consumed, the way it can be consumed, and how it needs to be regulated.
What is the law that goes over each and every type of food?
There is a many page law in effect that goes over each and every type, section by section, that the Food Safety Rules addresses. Your insurance concerning food and your farm’s food products go hand in hand with state laws. They require you to follow the proper channels when it comes to selling your farm’s food to the general public.
What is agriculture in farming?
Agriculture is defined as the science or practice of farming, including: The cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops. The rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products. So that being said, there are …
What did participants learn in the Sustainable Horticulture course?
In addition, they learned how to create a business plan, practice conservation, and increase profits. By the end of the course, each participant had a plan to establish or improve farm enterprises, as well as the resources to move forward and be successful.
What is the importance of grazing management?
The first workshop addressed the importance of grazing management as it relates to the productivity of forage and livestock. It looked at designing a controlled grazing system that promotes healthy plants and increases forage utilization. Topics included water development, the importance of livestock shade, and the use of permanent and temporary electric fence.
Where was the first year of MFSI?
During the first year, training was held at the Kerr Center in Poteau. Year two expanded to include horticulture training at both the Kerr Center and the MFSI offices in Okmulgee, with presentations at the center being shown via webinar at MFSI. Year three included both horticulture and livestock tracks at both locations.
What is the 2014 Beginning Farmer horticulture program?
The 2014 Beginning Farmer horticulture training program concentrated on small-to-intermediate scale market gardening, with a specific focus on vegetable crops for both fresh produce and seed crop sales. Organic production was emphasized, though most of the information and techniques covered are appropriate for conventional management as well.
What is business planning?
Business planning was a component of both tracks and introduced the basic concepts of a business plan. Students developed a simple plan during the course of the class. The plan covered goal setting, marketing, operations, human resources, and finances. The business planning took place in the first class.
What is a workshop?
Workshops included presentations, discussion, and demonstration of important techniques and equipment.
What is noxious weed in Oklahoma?
The Oklahoma Noxious Weed Law designates three plants—musk thistle, Scotch thistle, and Canada thistle —as noxious weeds. Upon written complaint, this division will inspect the type of thistle infestation, assess the nature and extent of the thistle infestation on the property, and determine the most appropriate treatment, control or eradication method.
What is the pesticide law in Oklahoma?
The use of pesticides in Oklahoma is governed by the Pesticide Applicators Law, covering not only agricultural applications such as crop spraying and fumigating of grain bins, but also regulating the pest control industry, including the control of termites, weeds, roaches, etc.
What is the ODAFF?
The ODAFF’s Consumer Protection Services division ensures and enforces quality standards for agricultural products and regulates pesticide use. The laws regulated by this division impact the goods and services associated with Oklahoma’s apiary, ag-lime, ornamental plant, vegetable plant, feed, seed, fertilizer and pesticide industries. See their website for more information www.oda.state.ok.us/cps.htm. Here are some examples of the programs this division administers.
What is registered poultry feeding operations?
The Registered Poultry Feeding Operations Program is designed to help control nonpoint source runoff and discharges from poultry waste application of poultry feeding operations. This program monitors poultry waste application to land or removal from these operations and assists in ensuring beneficial use of poultry waste while preventing adverse effects to the waters of the state of Oklahoma. All poultry farmers whose farms create more than 10 tons of litter per year are required to become licensed in this program.
What is the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture?
Water quality issues are an important set of regulations impacting Oklahoma farmers. The Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry (ODAFF) is the primary regulatory agency of agriculture in the state. In particular, ODAFF’s Division of Agricultural Environmental Manage-ment Services works with producers and concerned citizens to protect the Oklahoma environment. See their website for more information (www.oda.state.ok.us/cps-groundwater.htm). Below are some of the programs administered by the Division of Agricultural Environmental Services.
What to do if you grew up on a farm?
Even if you grew up on a farm or have spent years working on a farm, there are always new things to learn. If your farming experience is limited, you definitely will want to take advantage of educational opportunities and technical assistance available to farmers. Joining a trade as-sociation is another way to gain access to market-specific information, and to meet and talk with other producers.
What is the FSA guarantee?
FSA guaranteed loans provide lenders (e.g., banks, Farm Credit System institutions, credit unions) with a guar-antee of up to 95 percent of the loss of principal and interest on a loan.
What is a beginning farmer and rancher coordinator?
Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coordinators are USDA team members that can help you understand the USDA process and find the right assistance for your operation. We have coordinators across the country.
What is historically underserved USDA?
We offer help for the unique concerns of producers who meet the USDA definition of “historically underserved” — beginning, socially disadvantaged, limited resource, and military veterans. In addition, women in agriculture are helping to pave the way for a better future. Use this self-determination tool to determine if you’re a limited resource producer.
What is access to capital?
Access to capital enables you to buy or lease land, buy equipment, and help with other operating costs. Learn more about resources for access to land and capital.
How can conservation programs help you?
Conservation programs can help you take care of natural resources while improving the efficiencies on your operation.
Does the USDA help urban farms?
USDA has been helping more and more farms and gardens in urban centers. Learn about our Urban Farming funding and resources.
What does filing a trade name with the Oklahoma Secretary of State do?
Filing a Trade Name with the Oklahoma Secretary of State will protect the use of your business name within Oklahoma. The filing will also check for conflicts with existing Oklahoma businesses.
What is a license and permit?
The terms license and permit are often used by different government agencies, cities and towns to mean a qualification or permission from an authority to engage in some kind of activity. Some of these licenses or permits apply to individuals, companies, or the types of items being sold or services being offered.
Where to get a sales tax permit in Oklahoma?
Obtain a sales tax permit from the Oklahoma Tax Commission.
What is the first step in forming a business?
The first step in forming a business is to select a legal business structure. This decision is based on how your business will operate and who will own it, along with legal and tax considerations.
What are the different types of business structures?
The two most basic business structures are: 1 Sole Proprietorship – an individual or married couple in business alone. 2 General Partnership – two or more people who agree to create a business together.
Who sets up withholding accounts in Oklahoma?
Employers must set up a withholding account for state income taxes through the Oklahoma Tax Commission.
Can a business have an EIN?
The federal EIN isn’t just for businesses with employees. Your accountant may recommend that you establish an EIN for your business and your bank may require one to set up business banking accounts and services.
Why do you want to start a small farming business?
Gregory Heilers has helped on two startup farms: his father’s 200-acre grass-fed beef and goat farm, which also includes an orchard, a berry patch, and a vegetable garden, with areas set aside for future logging; and on a seven-acre organically grown market garden in upstate New York .
What does Gregory say about starting a farm?
Gregory believes that if you want to be successful, you should think about why you want to start your own farm before anything else. He says, ask yourself, “Is it for profit? A hobby? An altruistic contribution to society and/or animal welfare? Environmental stewardship?”
How much do you need to be a small farm?
farms being family-owned. In order to be considered a small farm, the USDA Economic Research Service states that you need to gross less than $350,000 per year.
What is CSA in farming?
Another trending model is to sell your products through a CSA (which simply stands for “Community Support Agriculture ”), in which patrons purchase a “share” of the season’s yield for a set price in exchange for regular deliveries of the products as they are ready. This model is especially popular because you receive payment at the beginning of the season, which can help reverse the notorious cash-flow issues faced by most farm businesses.
What is a business plan for a loan?
Even if you’re not seeking a loan, a business plan is a useful tool to help you figure out which of your ideas are feasible, and to remind you of your goals. You can find out more about writing a business plan on our Business Planning Guide page. If validating your business ideas interests you more than funding at this stage, you might prefer to opt for a Lean Plan—or a shorter, more nimble planning process.
What is the day before the sun rises?
Your day begins before the sun has even risen. You don your clothes and rain boots and set out into the crisp morning to feed the chickens and the cattle. It’s a clear morning and you feel good being outside, feeling frost crunch beneath your feet, watching the yard cat stretch and yawn lazily.
Why do farmers lease land?
This is one of the major reasons leasing land is a popular option for many new farmers. It minimizes financial risk and requires reduced capital at the outset.
What is a medical marijuana processor license?
A medical marijuana processor license allows a business to legally process marijuana for medical purposes in Oklahoma. Licensed processors can sell to licensed dispensaries and other licensed processors. Licensed processors may also process marijuana into a concentrated form for a patient license holder for a fee.
How many types of marijuana licenses are there in Oklahoma?
There are basically four types of business marijuana licenses in Oklahoma:
How far away from a school do you have to be from a dispensary?
Dispensaries must provide proof that they are not within 1,000 feet of any entrance to any public or private school.
Can a medical marijuana transporter legally transport medical marijuana?
Licensed transporters can legally transport medical marijuana from a licensed grower, licensed processor, or licensed dispensary to a licensed grow er, licensed processor, licensed dispensary, or licensed research er.
Do you have to have a background check for a marijuana license?
Marijuana businesses must also submit to a commercial license background check which requires will look at candidates criminal history.
Who must be on the board of an entity in Oklahoma?
Members, managers, and board members of entity applicants must all be Oklahoma residents.