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Tag: What is the history of Agricultural Research

how did the farms and agriculture change after ww2

how did the farms and agriculture change after ww2插图

How did the farms and agriculture change after ww2? The end of World War II produced atechnological boom in agricultural machinery and research. … Also much of that increase went to private industry rather than land grant colleges and agricultural experiment stations.

What was the impact of WW2 on agricultural technology?

Postwar Technology The end of World War II produced a technological boom in agricultural machinery and research. Ironically, this boom in research spending and emphasis did not produce a revolution in technology.

What happened to the farm economy after World War II?

Mike Moffatt, Ph.D., is an economist and professor. He teaches at the Richard Ivey School of Business and serves as a research fellow at the Lawrence National Centre for Policy and Management. By the end of World War II, the farm economy once again faced the challenge of overproduction.

How did farming change between 1948 and 1960?

Between 1948 and 1960, labor inputs – the amount of money a farmer had to spend for human help – decreased 35 percent. Harry Hankel identifies research as one of the biggest changes he’s seen in farming, and he says that it forced farmers themselves to change.

What is the history of Agricultural Research?

The federal government has been involved in funding agricultural research since the Morril Land Grant College Act of 1862. In 1887, Congress created a system of state agricultural experiment stations, and in 1914 created the Extension Service to let farmers know the results of all that research.

What was the challenge of the farm economy after World War II?

By the end of World War II, the farm economy once again faced the challenge of overproduction. Technological advances, such as the introduction of gasoline- and electric-powered machinery and the widespread use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, meant production per hectare was higher than ever.

When did the government start a deficiency payment program?

The government tried a new tack. In 1973, U.S. farmers began receiving assistance in the form of federal "deficiency" payments, which were designed to work like the parity price system. To receive these payments, farmers had to remove some of their lands from production, thereby helping to keep market prices up. A new Payment-in-Kind program, begun in the early 1980s with the goal of reducing costly government stocks of grains, rice, and cotton, and strengthening market prices, idled about 25 percent of cropland.

When did farm production increase?

But as farm production climbed higher and higher through the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, the cost of the government price support system rose dramatically. Politicians from non-farm states questioned the wisdom of encouraging farmers to produce more when there was already enough — especially when surpluses were depressing prices and thereby requiring greater government assistance.

When did the government start giving food stamps?

In the 1960s , the government decided to use surplus food to feed America’s own poor as well. During President Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty, the government launched the federal Food Stamp program, giving low-income people coupons that could be accepted as payment for food by grocery stores.

Was lemons subsidized?

Many other producers were not subsidized. A few crops, such as lemons and oranges, were subject to overt marketing restrictions. Under so-called marketing orders, the amount of a crop that a grower could market as fresh was limited week by week.

Why was safety important to the design of tractor?

Once tractor designs actually performed well at the jobs that needed to be done, safety emerged as a top priority and marketing point. Early tractor farmers lost limbs in belts or poorly designed power take off units. Others lost their lives when tractors tipped over. The implement factories were usually built in rural areas, so the designers and workers at the factories knew people who were injured and killed. Manufacturers worked to design safer machines and advertised their offerings that way.

What was the lure of new machine technologies?

For farmers, the lure of new machine technologies was not how much more they could grow, but how they could get the work done with fewer people. They had learned the lessons of World War II. Farm help was hard to come by and expensive. Tractors and other machines were cheaper and usually more reliable.

What did Harry Hankel say about farming?

Harry Hankel identifies research as one of the biggest changes he’s seen in farming, and he says that it forced farmers themselves to change. "You have to be trained [as a scientist] almost, today to do farming."

Why were implement factories built?

The implement factories were usually built in rural areas, so the designers and workers at the factories knew people who were injured and killed. Manufacturers worked to design safer machines and advertised their offerings that way. They also developed and advertised a range of products for a variety of farming needs.

How much of the $74.1 million was ag related?

In dollars, that meant that $29.1 million of the $74.1 million was ag related. World War II transformed the U.S. R&D system. First, Congress appropriated more and more money, but most of the increase went into other fields like defense, space exploration, health and general science.

What was the result of the end of World War II?

The end of World War II produced a technological boom in agricultural machinery and research. Ironically, this boom in research spending and emphasis did not produce a revolution in technology. Instead, the boom refined and expanded on many of the discoveries that had been made before and during the war. The federal government has been involved in …

When did the research and marketing act start?

Yet, even in inflation-adjusted dollars, money for farm research continued to rise. In 1946 , Congress passed the Research and Marketing Act of 1946 that broadened the Department of Agriculture’s studies to include marketing, transportation and distribution of farm products. The act also emphasized research into human nutrition and the food value of agricultural commodities.

What changed after WW2?

With these changes, Georgia became a better state and a greater contribution to the United States.

How many factories were there in Georgia in 1955?

– Between 1946 and 1955, 500 factories began production throughout the state of Georgia. The mechanization of the state’s agriculture decreased the need for farm laborers, which caused an urban migration. This exodus depopulated much of Georgia’s countryside.

What were the factors that caused the dramatic change in agriculture after WW2?

These other variables were the G.I. Bill, the new industry and manufacturing, and the increase of the use of synthetic fabrics.