300,000 poultry farms
What are the different types of poultry farming in India?
Here are some most popular types of poultry farming in India: 1. Layer Poultry Farming Layer poultry is famous for the special birds rearing with the purpose of egg-laying production in the larger amount. India is considered the third-largest egg producer in the world.
What is the per capita consumption of poultry in India?
Today India is the world’s fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers and its per capita consumption of such products is poor – 37 eggs and 1 kg of poultry meat per capita per annum. The growth of the Poultry Industry in India is marked by an increase in the size of the poultry farm.
What is the history of poultry industry in India?
INDIAN POULTRY INDUSTRY. History. Indian Poultry Industry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector today in India. As the production of agricultural crops has been rising at a rate of 1.5 to 2% per annum while the production of eggs and broilers has been rising at a rate of 8 to 10% per annum.
How much chicken is produced in India?
India ranks 3rd in egg production and 7th in chicken meat production in the world (Watt Executive Guide, 2015). About 3.4 million tons (74 billion) of eggs are produced from 260 million layers and 3.8 million tons of poultry meat is produced from 3000 million broilers per annum in India. The Poultry Industry is contributing about Rs.70,000/- crores to the national GDP and providing employment to more than 4 million people either directly or indirectly. About 2-2.5 million tons of poultry litter, a valuable organic fertilizer, is produced as a byproduct every year. The poultry industry is concentrated in certain pockets of the country. The State of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu lead the country followed by Maharashtra, Punjab and West Bengal. The popularity of poultry meat is on the rise during the last two decades. It is presently accounting for about 45% of the total meat consumed and is the most popular meat from any single livestock species.Chicken dominates the poultry production in India with nearly 95% of the total egg production and the rest is contributed by ducks and others (DADF, 2014). Majority of ducks are found in certain states on the eastern and southern coast like West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu etc. Other species like turkeys, guinea fowls, ostriches, emus etc. are reared only in small numbers in areas having specific market demand. India is the home for many breeds of native chicken like Aseel, Kadak Nath, Tellicherry, Haringhata Black, Nicobari, Danki etc., which are still popular among the rural and tribal areas for back yard/ free range farming (Chatterjee and Haunshi, 2014). For the commercial farming, high yielding crosses developed and supplied by the private sector like Babcock, Bovans (egg type) and Cobb, Ross, Hubbard (meat type) are being used. The crosses developed under the public sector like Krishilayer, Krishibro (multicolored broiler etc.) are popular in certain areas. Availability of eggs is highly non-uniform in different parts of the country primarily due to wide variation in the production levels. Much of the eggs produced are consumed by the urban population while the rural and tribal areas have little access to the eggs and meat produced from the industrial sources and the availability is very low. In spite of rapid growth, the poultry industry suffered many setbacks in recent times due to rising cost of feed, emergence of new or reemerging of existing diseases, fluctuating market price of egg and broilers, etc. which need to be addressed to make the poultry sector as a sustainable enterprise.
How much is the Indian poultry market worth?
The Indian poultry market, consisting of broilers and eggs was worth INR 1,750 Billion in 2018. The market is further projected to reach INR 4,340 Billion by 2024, growing at a CAGR of 16.2% during 2019-2024.
How to manage poultry disease?
Establishing and strengthening· surveillance and monitoring system – The surveillance and monitoring system should be carried out in established laboratories. There is need to establish a National Avian Disease Laboratory with all modern facilities for surveillance and monitoring of infectious disease in poultry. Diagnoses through genomic· approach – Efforts may be made to develop new diagnostics and biological using genomic approaches for rapid and accurate diagnosis and effective control of poultry disease.
What is backyard poultry?
In areas that are less densely populated by poultry, “backyard” systems are likely to contribute a larger proportion of total poultry production. In the village or backyard sector, production is generally based on traditional local, native breeds, producing both eggs and birds for meat.
What is the native chicken breed in India?
India is the home for many breeds of native chicken like Aseel, Kadak Nath, Tellicherry, Haringhata Black, Nicobari, Danki etc., which are still popular among the rural and tribal areas for back yard/ free range farming (Chatterjee and Haunshi, 2014).
How much of India’s population is rural?
India has nearly 70% of its population living in rural areas. However, in the present scenario most of the commercial poultry production is concentrated in urban and peri – urban areas. Just 25% population living in urban areas consumes about 75-80 % of eggs and poultry meat.
What percentage of India’s meat is chicken?
It is presently accounting for about 45% of the total meat consumed and is the most popular meat from any single livestock species.Chicken dominates the poultry production in India with nearly 95% of the total egg production and the rest is contributed by ducks and others (DADF, 2014).
What is Poultry Farming?
Poultry farming is the process where birds are kept or raise not only domestically and commercially for meat and egg production but also for feathers collection. Normally birds use in poultry farming for meat and eggs are chickens, quails, turkeys, pigeons, etc. and birds used for feathers collection also along with meat/eggs are ducks, geese, etc.
What is broiler chicken farming?
Broiler poultry farming in India is the fastest-growing poultry business. Broiler poultry farming provides young meat of male and female chicken, so it is also known as broiler chicken farming. Here rearing period is maximal of 6 weeks and its weight ranges from 40 grams to 15 kg.
Why do ducks need different environments?
Ducks need a different environment for the growth as they need water all around for laying eggs. Poultry business for ducks are not so much wider in India but mainly used for meat, eggs as well as feather production in India.
Where is turkey grown?
Turkey is also rearing for meat as of hens and quails in many parts of the country. In India, largest turkey producers are Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Turkey meat has a quality that it is very lean and diet-friendly and so it is popular everywhere. Many states are putting their efforts into growing turkey commercial poultry farming.
Is it easy to start a poultry farm in India?
It is a good idea to start a commercial poultry farming business in India but not that easy to start it and continued for a long way. It needs all proper planning and management from the initial stage of setting a poultry farm to run the business longer and getting profit accordingly.
What is the largest poultry market in the world?
India has one of the largest poultry markets in the world. ‘Poultry’ technically refers to many types of birds raised for meat, and India does raise geese, ducks, guinea fowl, turkeys, and even quail. But they are especially known for their variety of chickens, and meat and egg production.
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Is India a small country?
Most poultry is held and managed on large farms, but India is also known for many small farms as well. These smaller farms do not export to other countries, but sell to the over 1 billion residents within India currently. The largest industry right now is layers, and India is third in egg production, only behind the US and China.
What is the breed of poultry in India?
Common and mostly raised poultry breeds in India are of three types. Broilers: The poultry breeds that is suitable for commercial meat production is known as broiler poultry. They are like meat producing machines. They consume foods and convert them to meat quickly.
How to start producing eggs commercially?
Choose proper breeds according to your desired production. If you want to start producing eggs commercially, select highly productive layer poultry breeds. For commercial meat production business, go with highly meat productive broiler poultry breeds. Contact with your nearest expert poultry producer to learn more about highly productive breeds. …
Why is it important to feed poultry?
Feeding good quality and nutritious food keeps the poultry birds healthy and productive. So, good and high quality nutritious food is a must for commercial poultry production.
What is a cockerel?
Cockerels: Cockerels are other types of meat producing poultry breeds. They also used for commercial meat production like broilers. But their growing rate is slower than broilers. They become hardy and can adopt themselves with the environment easily than the broilers. Cockerel meat is also very popular and has a great demand in India.
What is poultry farming in India?
Generally, poultry farming means, raising various types of domestic birds for the purpose of producing foods like eggs and meat.
What is the most important thing for poultry farming in India?
The main and most important thing for poultry farming in India is selecting a suitable land. And it is the most expensive part of this business. For setting up commercial poultry production, it would be better if you have the land of your own.
How many systems are there for poultry farming in India?
For commercial poultry farming in India three systems are suitable according to the condition of India. And the suitable three systems are listed below.
What is the poultry industry in India?
Indian Poultry Industry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector today in India. As the production of agricultural crops has been rising at a rate of 1.5 to 2% per annum while the production of eggs and broilers has been rising at a rate of 8 to 10% per annum. Today India is world’s fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers. Driving this kind of expansion the contributing factors are – growth in per capita income, a growing urban population and falling poultry prices.
How many people are employed in the poultry industry in India?
Due to the demand for poultry increasing and production reaching 37 billion eggs and 1 billion broilers, the Poultry Industry today employs around 1.6 million people. At least 80% of employment in Indian Poultry Industry generates directly by the farmers, while 20 % is engaged in feed, pharmaceuticals, equipment and other services according to the requirement. Additionally, there might be similar number of people roughly 1.6 million who are engaged in marketing and other channels servicing the poultry sector.
How much eggs are consumed per capita?
Per capita consumption of eggs is only 7.7 per annum in rural areas compared with 17.8 per annum in urban areas.
Why is the Indian poultry industry growing?
The Indian Poultry Industry has grown largely due to the initiative of private enterprises, minimal government intervention, and very considerable indigenous poultry genetics capabilities, and support from the complementary veterinary health, poultry feed, poultry equipment, and poultry processing sectors. India is one of the few countries in the world that has put into place a sustained Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) egg production project.
How many eggs will be consumed in 2020?
Analysts’ studies reveal that the total egg consumption is estimated to increase from 34 billion in 2000 and to 106 billion in 2020, while poultry meat consumption has been predicted to increase from 687 million kilograms to 1,674 million kilograms.
How many hatcheries are there in India?
India’s 75% of egg produce is consumed by the population of 25% living in urban and semi-urban areas. Presently about 800 hatcheries are operating in India today. Today India is the world’s fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers and its per capita consumption of such products is poor – 37 eggs and 1 kg …
How many eggs does India produce?
India is the fifth largest producer of eggs and ninth largest producer of poultry meat in the world and produced over 34 billion eggs and about 600,000 tons of poultry meat in 2004.
What is the meat capital of India?
The success of the business of meat and poultry can be traced in select states. That may the reason why Andhra Pradesh is called Poultry capital and Maharashtra is called the meat capital of India. Post-implementation of the law preventing cow slaughtering, the meat industry has gone through some difficult phase.
What are the fast food restaurants in India?
The fast-food restaurants in India are helping the growth of the meat industry. Notably among those are McDonald and KFC. They are the largest buyers of chicken and goat meat for their restaurants. Both KFC and McDonald faced a lot of resistance in the market to introduce their burger and fried chicken but ultimately they succeeded. The restaurants and eating joints serving meat products of traditional types such as kababs like sheek, shammi and reshmi kabas are really playing their role to increase the meat consumption and thereby catalysing the growth of the meat industry as such.
What percentage of India’s meat is goat?
Goat meat is another major constituent of total meat consumption in the country. It is estimated that goat contributes about 14.5 % of the total meat production in India. In poultry processing, Venky’s is the biggest player that has an all India network and they also have modern integrated facilities and process plants.
How much of the livestock economy is milk?
In terms of value output, milk and milk products contribute 65% of the total value of livestock economy followed by meat and meat products contributing 20%, Dung about 7% and eggs 4%. The total meat production in the country is said to be 7.4 million tonnes and egg production is about 88 billion.
What states have no restrictions on cow slaughter?
The government, however, exempted a few states where there were either resistance and or religious sentiments from the other religious groups, and this included states like Kerala, Goa, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Tripura. These are the states where there are no restrictions on cow slaughter.
Is beef only in India?
In the domestic market, meat would mean only goat meat and poultry would only mean chicken. The beef in India is only buffalo meat as cow slaughtering is now banned and thus not sold in the domestic market and also not slaughtered for international trade.
Is cow slaughtering banned?
Cow slaughtering is banned and hence no cow meat is now offered for international trade. This has created an unprecedented problem in the industry. On one hand, the growth in the numbers of unproductive cows causing economic problems to the farmers.
Why Go For Backyard Poultry Farming?
The backyard poultry system requires the following to increase returns compared to free-range poultry.
Why is the mortality rate of chickens high in India?
The high mortality rate in young chicks due to a combination of diseases, lack of scientific knowledge, lack of infrastructure, and low production performance of poultry birds, and feed price fluctuations throughout the year are the major constraints of backyard poultry farming in India. It is important to introducing improved poultry breeds suitable for backyard farming, scientific skill development of farmers on feeding, housing, and disease prevention as well as management to overcome these constraints.
Why is it important to allocate space to chickens?
Allocate enough space – Enough space will be important for raising poultry birds to avoid the chickens from pecking at each other when crowded together.
How to keep birds healthy in the backyard?
The Health of the Backyard Birds – Check the poultry birds regularly to ensure that they are in good health. Know about how to detect symptoms of disease or stress. Also, you must learn how to hold the birds properly and safely. Check the poultry birds routinely for any sign of parasites such as lice and mites. Monitor the visual appearance of the poultry birds to identify any signs of common diseases to seek early intervention. Also, you should watch out for any aggressive or antisocial behavior.
What is poultry farming?
Poultry farming in the backyard provides the nutrition supplementation demand through meat and eggs in the form of valuable animal protein. The poultry business is a low input or no input business. It has been estimated that almost about 80% of rural households are involved in poultry production through the backyard rearing of poultry birds. This is the main occupation in rural households linked with the crop production system.
What are the two colors of Gramapriya birds?
There are mainly two varieties of Gramapriya birds. They are White color Gramapriya and Colored in Gramapriya. White color Gramapriya lay more egg compared to color gramapriya
How are indigenous birds better adapted to the scavenging system?
The indigenous birds used are better adapted to the scavenging system considered by continuous exposure to disease incidence, inadequate quantity and quality of feed, poor housing for poultry birds, and health care. Unemployed youth and women earn income through poultry farming.
Is poultry farming profitable?
Presently, poultry farming business is mainly done for the eggs. Since this is more profitable than broiler poultry farming. A healthy bird can give you more income as there is a great market demand for eggs for consumption, for chicks.
How do growers give chicks time to grow?
Nowadays, growers used to buy the little chicks from the market and give them time to grow a big one by providing proper feed in sufficient amount with fresh water. You can go for this ideas to earn more and more…
Why is it important to have a healthy bird?
A healthy bird can give you more income as there is a great market demand for eggs for consumption, for chicks.
Can you enlarge your initial capital?
However, depending on your initial capital, you can enlarge or minimize this. This will provide you just idea about costing and returns in the poultry farming business.
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How much water does a chicken need?
Unlike the amount of water needed for land cultivation or dairy farming, poultry farming requires very little amount of water both for drinking and basic cleaning purposes. One liter of water will be sufficient for around 6 to 8 birds in a day.
How many birds can you farm on a small scale?
In comparison to other farming livestock, poultry farming requires very less investment on a small scale so any one with a farm can easily start with around 10 to 20 birds.
How long does it take for a chicken to grow?
Meat chickens grow easy and fast : in 10-12 weeks you can raise day-old chicks to roaster size. This means a quick and good return on your investment. You can also do more than one batch of birds a year.
When do chickens start laying eggs?
The Poultry farm Chicken start laying eggs when they are of the age about 6 to 8 months and broilers get ready to be sold for good price in the chicken meat market at the age of 5 to 10 weeks.
Is poultry farming a fast growing sector?
Poultry farming has majorly emerged as one of the fastest-growing segment not only in the main livestock sector, but for the overall agriculture sector as a whole. Poultry farming has been one of the major type of farming that has been flourishing all over the world.